ASU Law professor receives lifetime fellowship honor


January 23, 2020

Legal issues surrounding science and technology are increasing exponentially alongside the pace of innovation. Helping to direct traffic at this ever-more-congested intersection of disciplines is Gary Marchant, faculty director of the Center for Law, Science and Innovation at the Sandra Day O’Connor College of Law at Arizona State University.

Marchant has led the center for more than 20 years, focusing on emerging technologies and how they should be governed — things such as artificial intelligence, human gene editing, nanotechnology and neuroscience. During his time at ASU Law, he has been named a Regents Professor, a distinguished sustainability scientist in ASU’s Julie Ann Wrigley Global Institute of Sustainability and a Lincoln professor of emerging technologies, law and ethics with the Lincoln Center for Applied Ethics at ASU. He has also authored more than 150 articles and book chapters on various issues relating to emerging technologies. photo of Gary Marchant Regents Professor Gary Marchant is leading the charge on governing emerging technologies, as he was recently elected by his peers as a fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science. Download Full Image

“These are all technologies that are moving very quickly, raising a lot of concerns, but they are going forward because they have almost unlimited benefits,” Marchant said. “We don't want to stop that progress, but we need to have some way to manage the types of concerns they raise. And our traditional government mechanisms of regulation are just too slow to keep up with these technologies. It’s what I call the Pacing Problem. So what I’m looking at are alternative methods to try to keep up with these type of technologies.”    

Marchant is playing a leading role in the high-stakes race, and he was recently elected by his peers as a fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS).

“Professor Marchant is the reason ASU Law has been at the forefront of law, science and innovation,” ASU Law Dean Douglas Sylvester said. “He has long been recognized as one of the preeminent scholars in his field, and this well-deserved recognition reflects that.”

Formed in 1848, the AAAS has a stated mission to “advance science, engineering and innovation throughout the world for the benefit of all people.” It began electing fellows, a lifetime distinction, in 1874 to honor invaluable contributions to science and technology.

There were 443 honorees this year, covering each of the association’s 24 categories, and they will be honored at the AAAS annual meeting in Seattle on Feb. 15. Marchant was one of eight fellows named in the Societal Impacts of Science and Engineering sector, for distinguished contributions to research, teaching and outreach at the intersections of law, science and biotechnology, including important work with legislative, executive and judicial groups.

“AAAS is the world’s largest scientific organization, so it’s a nice honor to be recognized by such a prestigious group,” Marchant said.

‘Technology is everywhere’

A few decades ago, the world was far less advanced, and technology was rather easy to regulate.

“It used to be, we just had a few products in our house,” Marchant said. “We had a TV, a car, a few other things. Now with the digital era and all these biomedical innovations, from Fitbits on our wrists to our cell phones that are monitoring things, to the Amazon Echo (devices) and the Google Home (units) in our homes, now technology is everywhere.”

And technological innovation is a double-edged sword, holding the potential to solve many of the world’s biggest problems — while creating a whole new array of them.

In the 30-year history of ASU Law’s Center for Law, Science and Innovation, the center has become an established leader in addressing those problems and was the first in the country to create a center focused on the topics that now make headlines every day.

“We are making progress in important areas like genetics, artificial intelligence, the human brain, and alternate forms of transportation and energy,” Marchant said. “These are critical to deal with the types of challenges our world is facing: as individuals, as a country and as a as a planet. And we really need more, and better, food. We need more, and better, security. We need all these different things that science and technology is helping us achieve. On the other hand, science and technology are raising issues, things like privacy, equality and fairness that have to be addressed to allow science to move forward. And I think this time is unique with respect to the urgency of both of those dimensions, both the need for science but also the types of profound societal issues that science is raising.”

Marchant says lawyers and law schools have a big role to play in the governance of science and technology. And that requires understanding it.

“When I started out as a lawyer 30 years ago, there wasn't a lot of interaction between law and science — it was pretty limited,” he said. “Now it’s just absolutely massive. There are so many different ways the two fields interact, and it’s really important for lawyers to be knowledgeable about both the substance and the process of science, so they can help it move forward but also make sure it moves forward responsibly.”

Defending science

Another unintended consequence of technological innovation has been the spread of misinformation, with the internet and social media fueling the flames. That has widened political divides and bolstered conspiracy theories undermining the most basic scientific truths.

“It is an era when science is under attack,” Marchant said. “It’s ironic, because never before has science been more important to our well-being, and to our national competitiveness and security. And yet, more and more people are skeptical. Whether it’s vaccines, or GMOs or climate change, you just see more and more people doubting science.”

That heightens the importance of organizations such as the AAAS, he said.

“The AAAS is really important to both maintain the credibility as well as the responsibility of science,” Marchant said. “I think scientists recognize that they have a duty to act responsibly, it’s not ‘anything goes.’ So the AAAS helps promote science and increase its credibility, but also ensures that it is acting responsibly.”

And some of those responsibilities — defending science, explaining science and countering misinformation — extends to individual scientists as well.

“Scientists are coming to the realization that they can’t just stay in their labs and let the rest of the world discuss these issues,” Marchant said. “They have a responsibility to engage with the public, to explain the science. They also have to have the humility to recognize that there's a role for the public in deciding these controversial issues.”

And scientists need to respond to public concerns, regardless of the merits.

“It’s sort of a two-way street,” Marchant said. “Scientists have to be proactive and communicate what their science is. But they also have to be receptive to the public’s concerns. If those concerns are based on misinformation, scientists need to help to correct that. But if those concerns are based on legitimate fears and ethical worries about technology and science, scientists have to be aware of that and take it into account in what they do in the lab.”

Nicole Almond Anderson

Director of Communications, Sandra Day O'Connor College of Law

480-727-6990

News Co/Lab lands Facebook grant to boost media literacy ahead of elections


January 23, 2020

Arizona State University’s Walter Cronkite School of Journalism and Mass Communication today announced it has received a grant from Facebook to help improve digital media literacy among adults ahead of the 2020 elections.

The award is part of Facebook’s $2 million initiative aimed at supporting projects that empower people to identify and seek out credible information to read and share.  News Co/Lab, Cronkite School, media literacy News Co/Lab managing director Kristy Roschke works with Cronkite student Caroline Veltman. Download Full Image

“We can all agree that we need to foster and support better information sources in this age of overwhelming supply, too much of which is misinformation,” said Dan Gillmor, co-founder of the News Co/Lab at the Cronkite School. “We also need to get better ourselves at sorting out what we can trust, and understanding our roles as part of a digital ecosystem in which we’re sharers and creators as well as consumers. Facebook's support for the project helps us do this at scale.”

The funding will support work already being conducted by the News Co/Lab, founded in 2017 and supported, in part, with seed funding from the Facebook Journalism Project to help the public better understand and engage with the news. 

“These are lifelong skills people need, but it is especially important as we head toward the divisive November 2020 election,” said Kristy Roschke, managing director of the News Co/Lab. “The civic health of our country depends on an informed public, which will be making important decisions about our future in the coming months and years. These types of initiatives can make a real impact.”

For this project, the News Co/Lab will create a series of educational videos in collaboration with Arizona PBS, which is owned and operated by the Cronkite School. The videos will help inform viewers about the evolving media landscape in an effort to boost media literacy, especially for young adults and seniors. The initiative also will include:

• A series of media literacy outreach events across the U.S. in partnership with local community organizations. The events will be designed to teach techniques for spotting misinformation and finding credible sources.

• Creation of a massive online open course, or MOOC, on digital media literacy through the Cronkite School, which will include tips for spotting misinformation, finding trustworthy sources and best practices for sharing and commenting on news and information, among other topics.

• Digital and social media content.

“As an institution that thrives on innovative practices, we are in perpetual pursuit of solutions that better our industry and, in turn, society,” Cronkite Dean Christopher Callahan said. “The evolving landscape of digital journalism demands a new vigilance and a greater level of scrutiny. Our News Co/Lab is positioned at the leading edge of literacy and responsible media consumption.”

Facebook executive Katie Harbath said the platform embraces a similar sentiment with regard to misinformation.

"Helping to stop the spread of misinformation is an important part of our work to help protect elections but we know we can’t do it alone. That’s why we’re partnering with organizations and experts in media literacy like the News Co/Lab out of Arizona State University to launch media literacy resources that will help empower people from senior citizens to first-time voters, on how to trust the information they see,” said Harbath, Facebook’s public policy director for global elections.

The new media literacy project launches just months after the News Co/Lab received a gift from Craig Newmark Philanthropies to support a project that will combat misinformation by improving the reach and effectiveness of media-issued corrections. 

Through that initiative, the News Co/Lab is partnering with researchers, technologists and journalists across three newsrooms owned by the McClatchy media company. The goal is to design and deploy a web-based tool that efficiently reaches consumers on social media platforms with corrected versions of stories they may have already shared. 

Director of communications, Walter Cronkite School of Journalism and Mass Communication and Arizona PBS