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Arizona's new status as battleground state has raised the stakes.
ASU Democrat, Republican student clubs have seen much interest in the election.
For the first time, ASU students can vote on campus on Election Day.
An early voting location on Tempe campus is open to all Maricopa County voters.
October 19, 2016

Daughter of presidential nominee praises Arizona’s early voting policy and the campus registration efforts at ASU

Chelsea Clinton urged young people at Arizona State University to not only vote this election, but also to consider running for office in the future.

Clinton, daughter of Democratic presidential nominee Hillary Clinton, spoke to a crowd of nearly 800 people in the Memorial Union in Tempe on Wednesday afternoon and told students that she hopes they are not turned off by the harsh rhetoric of the campaign, in which Clinton is facing Republican nominee Donald Trump.

“I’m deeply passionate about encouraging young people who are interested in changing our world to think about running for public office, and I’m so hopeful that all of the nastiness will not turn those of you who are interested in a career in public service away from pursuing that,” Chelsea Clinton said.

She said she has no plans to run for office herself, but “it’s hugely important that we not let cynicism win.”

She touched on several of her mother’s proposals, including Hillary Clinton’s plan to address student debt, saying it would allow students from families who make $120,000 or less attend a state university tuition free. The plan also would permit public service as loan repayment.

Clinton praised Arizona’s early voting policy and the campus effort to register students.

“Voting should be easy,” she said. “We think there are tens of thousands of new registered voters in Arizona, including from the nonpartisan voter-registration effort on the ASU campus. You should all feel really good about helping people become enfranchised.”

At ASU, get-out-the-vote efforts have been a collaboration among the Undergraduate Student Government, the ASU Young Democrats and the ASU College Republicans.

Austin Marshall, president of the ASU Young Democrats, said that about 3,000 students were registered by the Oct. 10 deadline.

“We’ve also been making calls, not just to students but to people in the area,” said Marshall, who introduced Chelsea Clinton at Wednesday’s event, which also featured an additional 275 people in an overflow room. “We’ve been knocking on doors, making sure people turn in their ballots or making sure they know where to vote early and that they know the proper IDs they need.”

Kevin Calabrese, president of the ASU College Republicans, said that although college campuses traditionally lean left politically, his group has seen a lot of interest in Donald Trump.

“We’ve noticed there is a surprising amount of enthusiasm for Donald Trump and his campaign, and I think it’s his high-energy nature and charisma that differentiates him from other candidates in the past,” Calabrese said.

“We’ve seen a lot of interest, and it’s helped us to recruit a lot of members for our club.”

Marshall said he believes interest in the election is building among students.

“People are getting more excited as we get closer and closer to Election Day,” he said. “It’s more important than ever that students vote because we know what’s at stake, and we’ll be living with it for a long time.”

“It’s an exciting time to be in Arizona now in a way we haven’t seen in a long time,” he said, referring to Arizona’s new status as a battleground state. A poll released this week by the Arizona Republic, the Morrison Institute for Public Policy at ASU and Cronkite News shows that 39 percent of likely voters surveyed said they would vote for Clinton, with 33.9 percent supporting Trump and 20 percent undecided in the statewide telephone poll.

Arizona as battleground

But considering Arizona’s history — the state has voted GOP in every presidential election except Bill Clinton in 1996 — could the state actually turn blue?

The data says yes.

“I think it’s a battleground state for a number of tangible reasons rather than wishful thinking on the part of any campaign,” according to Richard Herrera, an associate professor in the School of Politics and Global Studies at ASU.

Typically, Republicans are the largest voter bloc on the state, followed by those with no party preference. But recent voter registration has shown big gains by the Democrats, Herrera said.

“Second, there’s been a confluence of polls by different polling organizations since the end of September that show some advantage for Clinton over Trump,” he said. “It’s not just one poll.”

Herrera pointed to several reasons for the shift. One is that Arizona has a relatively higher level of education among white voters.

“If you compare Arizona to Iowa, you see a big difference in terms of white voters with a college degree, by about 20 percent,” he said. “And higher-educated white voters are trending toward Clinton.”

Another reason is the wide gender gap. Typically, Democrats poll about 5 to 7 percentage points higher among women, and Republicans poll higher among men by about the same amount.

“In this election, the gender gap is much more skewed to the Democratic candidate — by about 15 percent — and the gap among men is about the same as it always is,” he said.

Third is the huge push by many organizations to register Latino voters, who typically vote Democrat.

So does this mean that young voters may help turn Arizona blue? That’s trickier to predict, Herrera said.

While the new poll shows Clinton with a tight lead overall, her lead among voters ages 19 to 25 is much larger — about 20 points.

“One thing that mitigates against that is that 35 percent haven’t decided yet. What that tells us is that this close to the election, if they haven’t decided yet, they probably won’t vote. That would be consistent with voter turnout in the past,” he said.

Young people might be drawn to vote because of the two ballot measures — Proposition 205, which would legalize marijuana, and Proposition 206, which would increase the minimum wage.

“So that might be an incentive for them to turn out to vote, but it’s complicated because there’s less enthusiasm than in 2008 among young voters,” Herrera said.

Two ASU students who attended Chelsea Clinton’s speech on Wednesday said they felt their fellow students were voting against one candidate rather than for someone they support.

Harrison Ambrose, a sustainability freshman, said, “The general tone is pretty negative, and a lot of the rhetoric is ‘I’m only going to vote to not get the other person in office.’ We’re going to have somebody in office for the next four years so hopefully we can get behind that person.”

Nicole Cox, also a sustainability freshman, agreed: “I’ve seen a lot of interest in voting, but it seems to be focused on the negative.

“I would tell students to find things they’re passionate about and think about their values and what they want to see happen in the future instead of focusing on the hate.”

Voting early

Chelsea Clinton, who spoke and answered questions for about an hour, told the students to never think that their vote doesn’t matter.

“President Obama won North Carolina by 14,000 votes in 2008. That’s one to two votes per precinct,” she said.  “For your friends or classmates who say your vote doesn’t matter, we have really powerful examples in our lifetime that are testament to the contrary.”

For the first time, students can vote on campus on Election Day, at the Sun Devil Fitness Center in Tempe.

Establishing the on-campus polling place was a collaborative effort of the Undergraduate Student Government, the ASU College Republicans and the ASU Young Democrats.

On Election Day, students can vote at the Sun Devil Fitness Center on the Tempe campus from 6 a.m. to 7 p.m. That location is also for voters in the Hudson and Tempe precincts, roughly from the 202 to 16th Street and Mill to McClintock. That covers all students in the residence halls in Tempe but not everyone who lives off campus.

Additionally, both the ASU College Republicans and the ASU Young Democrats are urging people to vote at ASU’s early voting site to avoid confusion and long lines on Election Day.

The early voting site is at Palo Verde West, Room 151, now through Nov. 4. Hours are 10 a.m. to 6 p.m. Mondays through Wednesdays and 10 a.m. to 5 p.m. Thursdays and Fridays. That location is open to all voters registered in Maricopa County. Parking validation will be provided for the Fulton Center Parking Garage. (Find an interactive campus map here.)

To vote in any election, Arizona requires all voters to present an approved form of photo identification that includes name and address. Voters who don’t have a formal photo ID will need two of the following: utility bill, "official election mail,” voter ID card, vehicle registration or bank statement mailed to the address of the registered voter.


Top photo: Chelsea Clinton speaks at the Memorial Union on ASU's Tempe campus on Wednesday. Photo by Charlie Leight/ASU Now

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Dylan's Nobel Prize win shows definition of literature is changing

ASU prof says she won't "rule out" Dylan turning down Nobel Prize in Literature.
ASU prof switched from piano to guitar at age 12 to learn Bob Dylan songs.
All are invited to Wednesday celebration of Dylan's work, 1-2 p.m. in Tempe.
October 24, 2016

ASU English prof on musician's historic win, the controversy surrounding it and what it means for the future of the lit prize

Singer-songwriter Bob Dylan’s winning the Nobel Prize in Literature has many in the literary community up in arms, and the genre-defying Dylan himself remains mum on whether he’ll accept.

Arizona State University English professor Elizabeth Horan, however, is “thrilled” about the first-ever musician to win the prize.

A longtime appreciator of Dylan’s work, Horan teaches a course on Nobel laureates in which one of her students’ assignments is to predict who will win the prize for literature that year. Over the years, she has had several students make a case for the “Like A Rolling Stone” crooner.

To celebrate his win, Horan and the ASU Department of English are hosting “Bringing It All Back: Bob Dylan Nobel Prize Celebration 2016” from 1 to 2 p.m., Wednesday, Oct. 26, in room 316 of the Durham Language and Literature Building on the Tempe campus. The event is free and open to public, as well as the entire ASU community. Attendees are encouraged to bring, recite or perform their favorite Bob Dylan lyric (one song). Click here to RSVP.

Read on for Horan’s take on the “scandalous” history of the Nobel Prize in Literature, her favorite Dylan songs, and whether she thinks he’ll eventually accept the award.

Question: How is the winner of the Nobel Prize in Literature chosen?

Answer: The Swedish Academy goes by the terms of Alfred Nobel’s will. His will is quite vague, and he also wrote it in Swedish, which wasn’t his first language. His will states that the prize should go to the most outstanding work in an idealistic direction. So it’s kind of vague.

The person has to be alive at the time the academy makes the decision, and it rarely goes to someone young. Only one or two people have received the prize before the age of 45. It’s not a rule, but they generally tend to go to people who are at least in their late 40s, more often in their 60s, who usually have a large, important body of work. And they have to be nominated either by professors of language and literature or by the Swedish Academy.

Q: What was your reaction when you heard Bob Dylan was being awarded the prize?

A: I was speechless. I get up at 3:30 in the morning every year when they announce the winner so that I can be one of the first to know, because when I’m teaching the Nobel laureate class, I need to get ahold of books before copies disappear. I’m not teaching the course this year so there wasn’t a big rush, but I began thinking about how I could do a whole course on Bob Dylan. The next thing I did was write to some of my students who have nominated him in the past and have been the most vehement about it.

Q: Are you happy with the academy’s decision?

A: I’m really happy because it shows the Swedish Academy is getting more open about what its idea of literature is. It’s no longer just big novels. They’re thinking more broadly about literature, and literature in performance. And that bodes well for things like graphic novels and other forms of performed literature. I’m also glad because one of the problems someone from the U.S. would have had with winning the prize is that since Toni Morrison was the last American to get it, whoever follows her has to live up to that. And Bob Dylan does. I was thrilled.

Q: So it’s safe to say you’re a Dylan fan?

A: When I teach the Nobel laureate class, I have to be completely impartial. So I don’t reveal that I’m a Bob Dylan fan. But I can now admit, when I was 12, I switched from piano to guitar so that I could learn to play Bob Dylan songs.

Q: Do you have a favorite?

A: The first song I learned to play was “Mr. Tambourine Man.” I also really like “Tangled Up in Blue.” I tend to like the songs with complex lyrics, as well as some of the more narrative ones, like “The Jack of Hearts” and “Hurricane.” And that’s one of the things that’s so amazing about Dylan. He’s produced so many different kinds of songs.

Q: What happens when someone wins the prize?

A: The winner goes to Stockholm and gives a banquet speech, called the Nobel Lecture. They’re all good, and it’s one of the things we read in my class. You can read them all on the Nobel website. Different people do different things with that occasion. Sometimes they use it to bring up political things, like British playwright Harold Pinter did.

It was incredible what he did. He used the opportunity to denounce the invasion of Iraq, which both the U.S. and Britain were very involved in, and that’s something U.S. students aren’t often aware of. It was a controversial and extremely well-done lecture. Students always get wound up when they see that. One of my first thoughts after getting over the shock and the thrill that Dylan had won was, what will he do with the lecture?

Q: Is there often controversy surrounding the prize?

A: Whenever anyone wins the prize, there’s always a scandal. It’s always the case. Because there’s so much money involved. The very fact of having $1 million dollars associated with one prize is embarrassing to some people, particularly when it’s connected to something like the realm of culture, where there’s no absolute, agreed-upon standard about what constitutes a good piece of literature. Or even what literature is. Science prizes have always been controversial as well, but more so about who to give credit to for discoveries.

Another part of the scandal surrounding the prize has to do with the publishing community. In October, they’re very keyed in to who will win because it results in a big bump in sales. So a publisher will recall books they’ve printed and reprint the cover to reflect a writer’s Nobel Prize-winning status.

Q: Aside from a pseudo-acknowledgement on his website that was surreptitiously removed, Dylan has yet to acknowledge whether or not he’ll accept the prize. Is that unusual?

A: The only person to turn down the Nobel Prize for Literature was French philosopher Jean-Paul Sartre. He explained that it had long been his policy not to accept any honors or recognitions for his work.

But many past winners have been uncomfortable with it. For instance, Canadian short-story writer Alice Munro won and said she wasn’t feeling well enough to attend [because she was overwhelmed by] so much press attention in such a short period of time. People who have written about receiving the prize say it’s so intense. Often with novelists, their first book after having won is usually pretty mediocre. That’s because being a good writer requires a steady, set routine and time alone.

Q: Do you think there’s any indication Dylan may turn down the prize?

A: The fact he has not said anything yet is quite interesting. It seems to me a little unlikely, but I’m not going to rule it out.