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June 21, 2016

Camp helps American Indian high schoolers explore careers, tour labs, get published — and picture themselves at ASU

Carla Todecheenie was not going to let anything prevent her daughter Hannah from attending Arizona State University’s Inspire camp this week.

Not financial issues. Not car troubles. Not a crippling heat wave. Not even an interstate pile up that sent her and Hannah on a five-hour detour through an Arizona forest.

She was that determined, and now Hannah (pictured above), along with 79 other Native American youth, is getting a first-time look at life on a college campus.

So far Hannah likes what she sees.

“I like how everyone is open, outgoing and kind. It’s a very creative atmosphere,” said the 14-year-old high school freshman. She traveled about 280 miles from Chinle, Arizona, with her mother and carpooled with another family to ASU’s Polytechnic campus, the host site of Inspire.

“I’m here because I want to get a jump on my career and not fall behind in my life.”

That’s the idea behind Inspire, an inaugural Native American youth camp designed to be a fun, holistic experience that helps build college readiness and a new pathway to ASU.

student playing with STEAM machine
Shalee Allison, 15, tests the STEAM Machine her group made at the Inspire program on the Polytechnic campus on June 21. Her group started with a Hot Wheels car, which struck a ball, which pushed a pipe-cleaner figure down a slide. STEAM (science, technology, engineering, art and math) machines tell stories through chain reactions, much like a Rube Goldberg machine. Photo by Charlie Leight/ASU Now


“Our hope is what they get out of this experience is the opportunity to know they belong on a college campus,” said Jacob Moore, assistant vice president of tribal relations in the Office of University Affairs. “For many of them, this is the first time they’ve visited a college from a rural reservation community. We want them to see ASU as a place that’s not only welcoming but where we want to see them thrive.”

Moore said approximately 2,600 Native American students attend ASU, which recently saw its largest graduating class of 362 in May.

Inspire is geared for a diverse group of students from different tribes, locations and grade levels (9-12), at no costInspire is sponsored by a $65,000 grant from the Arizona Community Foundation to ASU’s University College, with support from the Office of American Indian Initiatives and American Indian Student Support Services. to participants, explained the program's director, Jeanne Hanrahan, University College's director of community outreach.

Duane Roen, vice provost of the Polytechnic campus, said the site is the perfect place to host the camp.

“We want everyone to see the beauty of the Polytechnic campus and all that it has to offer,” said Roen. “I love the architecture. I love the desert landscaping. I love the sense of community here. I make no bones about it, Poly is my favorite campus.”

In addition to Roen, part of the welcome includes ASU American Indian student peer mentors, administrative staff and professors delivering culturally specific curriculum, team-building exercises and activities — including an indigenous reading and writing workshop, lab tours, career talks, motivational speeches and an open mic night and writing showcase.

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Teri Noland, 15 (left), and Binita GreyBull, 15, come up with ideas to create a STEAM Machine at the Inspire program on the Polytechnic campus on June 21. Photo by Charlie Leight/ASU Now


One of the faces the 80 campers will get to know throughout the week is Lyonel Tso, an environmental science teacher at Central High School in Phoenix. Tso is a member of the Navajo tribe from LeChee, Arizona, and will be conducting a science-engineering activity on the Valley’s urban heat-island effect on the ecosystem.

“It’s important for Native American students to see a person of color as a teacher,” Tso said. “When you see someone you identify with, you immediately build a connection with them. They have it in mind they could be in my place one day.”

Klain Benally, a 19-year-old peer student who is an American Indian Studies major and a Navajo, said Native American youth have many cultural and social hurdles to overcome when transitioning from high school to college.

“There is a culture shock, no doubt about it,” Benally said. “Back home on the reservation, students are more in touch with their culture and community and know how to access resources. Homesickness will be one of the biggest hardships as well as being considered a minority in the big city. One of our goals is to teach students about college, the steps they need to take, and how to connect with one another once they are here.”

For 15-year-old Owen Lee, who drove from Gallup, New Mexico, with his grandparents Louise and Thomas Billie, he believes making that transition won’t be hard for him. He’s fairly well-traveled for a teen, has resided in several states and visited at least three college campuses. So far he’s leaning toward ASU.

“My uncle attended ASU, and he’s a person I look up to,” Lee said. “I’m leaning towards criminology. I’d like a career with either the state police, border patrol or the FBI.”

After this week, Lee and the other campers may consider a career in writing. At the closing ceremony on Saturday, students will read their writings and come out of the program as published authors in an online teen journal being launched by Red Ink, an international journal of indigenous literature, arts and humanities.

“How cool is it to say you’re a published author as a teen?” said ASU English professor James Blasingame, who was a writing instructor at the camp and will lead the open mic night. “I think it’s fantastic.”


Top photo: Hannah Todecheenie, 15, of Chinle, Arizona, starts writing ideas to create a STEAM Machine at the Inspire program on the Polytechnic campus on June 21. Photo by Charlie Leight/ASU Now





Reporter , ASU Now


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Small nationwide median difference masks large variation at some facilities.
Problem is fixable — now that we know it's there, ASU scientist says.
June 24, 2016

Inaccurate numbers for carbon dioxide emissions undermine Clean Power Plan

Federal data on power-plant carbon dioxide emissions is significantly flawed, according to a study by Arizona State University scientists published this month.

Monthly emission differences at a fifth of U.S. power plants varied plus or minus 13 percent. At half the plants, differences varied plus or minus 6 percent.

Inaccurate data undermines the federal Clean Power Plan, which is designed to strengthen the trend of clean energy by setting a national limit on carbon pollution produced from power plants.

“I would say that, in order for that piece of policy to be as effective as I’m assuming everyone wants, we need to make sure we’re monitoring and measuring power plants accurately,” said Kevin Gurney, lead author of the study. GurneyGurney is a senior sustainability scientist in the Julie Ann Wrigley Global Institute of Sustainability and an associate professor in the School of Life Sciences in the College of Liberal Arts and Sciences. is an atmospheric scientist, ecologist and policy expert working in carbon-cycle science, climate science, and climate-science policy.

ASU researcher Kevin Gurney

Gurney (left) was “pretty darn surprised” by the findings.

“That’s too much error,” he said. “You can’t implement and enforce a policy with that type of error.”

Power plants are responsible for roughly 40 percent of carbon dioxide emissions nationwide. Climate-change science, air-pollution regulation and potential carbon-trading policies rely on accurate measurement of emissions. Two U.S. federal agencies — the Department of Energy and the Environmental Protection Agency — tabulate the emissions from U.S. power plants using two different methodological approaches.

The scientists analyzed those two data sets and have found that when averaged over all U.S. facilities, the median percentage difference is less than 3 percent. However, this small difference masks large differences at individual facilities.

“Power-plant emissions have been looked at for a long time, but they’re typically examined in the aggregate — ‘Here’s the whole U.S.,’” Gurney said. “They just haven’t been looked at individually or analyzed individually. That of course is where the problem arises.”

Differences that large at individual plants raise concerns over implementing the Clean Power Plan.

“This policy relies on the achievement of state-level CO2 emission-rate targets,” the authors wrote. “When examined at the state level, we find that one-third of the states have differences that exceed 10 percent of their assigned reduction amount. Such levels of uncertainty raise concerns about the ability of individual states to accurately quantify emission rates in order to meet the regulatory targets.”

It’s fixable, according to Gurney.

“It’s just that no one has paid attention,” he said. “I think that just a little bit of recalibration and consideration of good instruments, and a little more transparency from utilities, and it can fixed.”

The Clean Power Plan requires individual states to meet specific standards. Currently the plan is tied up in court; resolution is not expected this election year.

Scott Seckel

Reporter , ASU Now