Partnership to advance solar energy technology

March 30, 2010

Arizona State University and the University of Tokyo are joining forces to advance photovoltaics technology

Arizona State University has established a partnership with the University of Tokyo, Japan, aimed at strengthening research and educational endeavors at both institutions to advance solar energy technology.

The University of Tokyo is rated by the Global University Ranking organization and others as one the leading universities and research institutions in Asia, and it is the leading solar-energy research institution in Japan. Download Full Image

Its Research Center for Advanced Science and Technology recently was awarded almost $100 million over a seven-year period from the government of Japan for the Solar Quest program on advanced photovoltaic design, said Stephen Goodnick, director of the Arizona Initiative for Renewable Energy at ASU.

Photovoltaics is the field of semiconductor technology that involves converting sunlight into electrical power.

Goodnick also is a professor in the School of Electrical, Computer and Energy Engineering, a part of ASU’s Ira A. Fulton Schools of Engineering. At the invitation of the University of Tokyo, he and fellow ASU electrical and energy engineering professor Yong-Hang Zhang attended an international photovoltaics workshop last year in Japan. The idea for the partnership grew out of meetings Goodnick and Zhang had with Japanese colleagues during the conference.

Under the three-year partnership agreement, the two universities will collaborate on research projects, exchange educational information and materials, conduct joint lectures and symposia and exchange services of faculty members, research staff and students.

“It is our great pleasure to have concluded the partnership agreement with one of the most advanced research institutes in the United States in the field of renewable energy,” said professor Yoshiaki Nakano, leader of the Solar Quest program. “We believe this will have a significant impact on our research progress at Solar Quest.”

The universities’ partnership, along with cooperative efforts by the governments of the United States and Japan, will help both countries “achieve far better solutions to our common challenges of producing renewable energy and protecting our environment,” Nakano said.

At ASU, researchers with the Arizona Initiative for Renewable Energy, the Biodesign Institute and the Ira A. Fulton Schools of Engineering are involved in a wide range of efforts to make solar cell technology more efficient and affordable.

The partnership with the University of Tokyo “will greatly advance research in what is called third-generation photovoltaics, which seeks to make major improvements in the efficiency of solar electricity, leading to significant cost reductions,” Goodnick says.

One of the first joint efforts of the partnership will be the study of high-efficiency, multi-junction solar cells, using compound semiconductor materials to optimize the absorption of the full solar spectrum.

Zhang says this type of cell could be used for solar energy generation both in space and for terrestrial applications in what is termed “concentrating photovoltaics,” where sunlight is focused at up to 1,000 times its normal intensity onto such high-efficiency cells, reducing the cost of generating solar electricity.

This work is currently supported by the Science Foundation Arizona in partnership with Roger Angel at the University of Arizona.

A second project will involve joint research on intermediate-band solar cells to capture more photons from the solar spectrum, which will increase cell efficiency, Goodnick says.

Based on growing nanostructures such as quantum dots within the solar cell, this project will involve collaboration with Christiana Honsberg, director of the recently established Solar Power Laboratory at ASU.

For more information on the Arizona Initiative for Renewable Energy, see: />
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Ira A. Fulton Schools of Engineering: />The Ira A. Fulton Schools of Engineering at Arizona State University serve more than 4,000 undergraduates and 2,000 graduate students, providing skills and knowledge for shaping careers marked by innovation and societal impact. Ranked nationally in the top 10 percent among engineering schools rated by US News & World Report magazine, the school engages in use-inspired research in a multidisciplinary setting for the benefit of individuals, society and the environment. The school’s 200-plus faculty members teach and pursue research in areas of electrical, chemical, mechanical, aerospace, civil, environmental and sustainable engineering, as well as bioengineering, energy engineering, computer science and engineering, informatics, decision systems, and construction management. The schools of engineering also work in partnership with the School of Arts, Media and Engineering and the School of Earth and Space Exploration, and faculty work collaboratively with the Biodesign Institute at ASU, the School of Sustainability and the Global Institute of Sustainability.

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Stephen Goodnick,
Arizona Initiative for Renewable energy
(480) 965-9572

Joe Kullman,
(480) 965-8122 direct line
(480) 773-1364 mobile

Ira A. Fulton Schools of Engineering
Arizona State University
Tempe, Arizona  USA /> 

Joe Kullman

Science writer, Ira A. Fulton Schools of Engineering


Kader and Stanford edit anthology of 'Poetry of the Law'

March 30, 2010

Professor David">">David Kader of the Sandra Day O'Connor College of Law and Michael Stanford, an attorney in the Maricopa County Public Defender's Office in Phoenix and a College of Law alumnus, have assembled an anthology of law poems, which is being described as the first serious anthology of law-related poetry ever published in the United States.

A reading of the book, Poetry of the Law: From Chaucer to the Present, is scheduled for noon on Wednesday, April 7, in Room 105 of Armstrong Hall at the College of Law. It was published in March by the University of Iowa Press. Download Full Image

"Set in courtrooms, lawyers' offices, law-school classrooms and judges' chambers; peopled with attorneys, the imprisoned (both innocent and guilty), judges, jurors, witnesses and law-enforcement officers; based on real events or exploring the complexity of abstract legal ideas; the poems celebrate justice or decry the lack of it, range in tone from witty to wry, sad to celebratory, funny to infuriating," according to the publisher's description.

Dean Paul">">Paul Schiff Berman praised the book.

"Law is pervasive and an important part of the fabric of our cultural life," Berman said. "Accordingly, the anthology of law and poetry is both a welcome literary addition and a contribution to our understanding of law's impact in society."

"Language is the tool of law, both written and spoken," Kader said. "It is the same with poetry. With these common tools of expression, the idea of law and literature being intimately related is no surprise."

Both Kader and Stanford have had a lifelong love of poetry.

Kader, an affiliate faculty member of the Arizona Center for Medieval and Renaissance Studies and the Melikian Center for Russian, Eurasian, and East European Studies, was an English major in college with an emphasis in poetry. He edited his college poetry magazine, in which he published some poems, and considered pursuing a master of fine arts degree before deciding on law school.

"I love poetry," he said. "I read it almost every day and have since my college days. Every evening I pick up a book of poetry and consider at least one or two poems, and on weekends I will frequently read an entire volume."

Kader kept stumbling across poems about the law, and began to keep a list of these law poems. He also created a course on Shakespeare and the Law, which he taught at Cambridge University in England and subsequently several times at ASU.

Stanford, who has a doctorate in English, also edited his college literary magazine and won the Academy of American Poets literary prize for a collection he wrote as a student. He has published poetry and literary criticism, and has taught at the University of Virginia and Stanford University, as well as ASU's Barrett, The Honors College.

In 2001, Stanford grew restless and because he found law intellectually fascinating, decided to go to law school. While he was in law school, he continued to teach part time, including a class on law and literature.

Eventually, Stanford and Kader connected and began to share their interests in law, literature and poetry, and wondered at the lack of a poetry anthology devoted to law.

Kader said the law can be found in a great deal of fiction, as well as plays, not to mention films, but very little on the law in poetry is readily available. And Stanford had noticed the same issue in preparing to teach his law and literature course.

"It is exciting to find an important, but genuinely neglected topic," Stanford said. "Finding the next thing to say about Hamlet gets harder and harder as more and more is written about it."

The two set out to put together an anthology.

"We saw a gap there that needed closing, and our book accomplishes that, and in so doing makes a significant contribution to the study of law and literature," Kader said.

"It was a wonderful kind of intellectual companionship," Stanford said. "We had long conversations about the connections between law and poetry. We found poems from inside the system, poems from outside the system, satirical ones, deeply serious ones. As with all poetry lovers, we would say, 'Isn't this a marvelous line? Can you believe this metaphor?' "

They soon had more than 200 high-quality law poems organized in a number of thematic chapters, and submitted a manuscript to publishers. Eventually the University of Iowa Press accepted the submission, but on the condition that the anthology be reduced in size, to no more than about 100 poems, for market reasons.

The cutting process was demanding and not without many tough but cordial discussions between the two editors on which poems simply had to go.

"We each had our favorites, but throughout the process, Mike and I would come to agreement on what poems remained and what had to be removed," Kader said.

Eventually, the list was shortened to exactly 100 poems from the 1300s to the present. The book also contains an introduction and notes.

Some of the poems are about cases, like Sacco and Vanzetti, or The Scottsboro Boys. Some are about judges, lawyers or witnesses. They include love poems from Shakespeare, who used legal language, like "indicted" and "accused." Poet Robert Haas dedicated a poem to U.S. Supreme Court Justice William Brennan that celebrates jurisprudence, including images about the law being like tree trunks growing up toward the light. Rudyard Kipling employed a similar image of laws as reeds that "bend so far but never break." Poet Percy Shelley, who lost custody of his children to his in-laws after his wife's death, wrote a poem criticizing the judge. William Wordsworth wrote defending capital punishment.

"Our primary criterion was, of course, did the poem concern itself in some vital way with the law. But beyond that we asked: 'Is it a good poem?' " Kader said.

Stanford said that, working as a lawyer, adds meaning to the poetry he reads.

"When I read Mi Vida: Wings of Fright by Martín Espada, who worked as a tenants lawyer helping communities of illegal immigrants in New England, and he talks about how hard it is to help clients, saying, 'the lawyer … had a bookshelf of prophecy but a cabinet empty of cures,' I relate to that.

Stanford said that, in hundreds of hearings and close to a dozen trials, he has sometimes quoted the Constitution, movies and even television, but never poetry.

"That is, in part, because the cultural heritage we have is more and more divided and attenuated, and you can no longer expect every high school graduate to recognize Shakespeare," Stanford said. "I would never want to be condescending to a jury."

The book is available at bookstores or directly from the press, 800-621-2736 or />
The Sandra Day O'Connor College of Law, renamed for the retired U.S. Supreme Court Justice in 2006, is pursuing a bold and transformative model for public legal education in the 21st century, a model we call "legal education in the future tense." This model re-imagines the law school as a multifaceted legal studies center serving law students, professionals from other fields, and undergraduates seeking broad-based exposure to legal issues. At the core of this expansion is a dedication to making the law school a valuable resource for addressing major regional, national, and international problems of law and public policy. The College is the leading law school in the Phoenix area, boasts an Indian Legal Program that is arguably the best in the nation, houses the Center for the Study of Law, Science & Innovation, the oldest, largest and by far the most comprehensive law and science center in the country, and the new Center for Law and Global Affairs. Beyond the traditional J.D., the College offers several concurrent degrees, including a J.D./M.D. program with the Mayo Medical School, a J.D./M.B.A. with the W. P. Carey School of Business at ASU, a J.D./Ph.D. in Law and Psychology with the ASU Department of Psychology, and a J.D./Ph.D. in Justice Studies with the ASU School of Social Transformation's Justice and Social Inquiry Program. It also offers graduate degrees in Biotechnology and Genomics and in Tribal Policy, Law and Government. A Master of Legal Studies program gives non-lawyers an opportunity to develop needed legal skills to help students advance in their professional careers.

Judy Nichols,"> style="color: #0000ff;">
(480) 727-7895
Sandra Day O’Connor College of Law