Opening doors to computing skills for students with visual impairment


June 21, 2011


Ten young Phoenix-area students who are visually impaired recently took part in a special four-day computing workshop designed especially for them, thanks to an alumna of Arizona State University’s Ira A. Fulton Schools of Engineering.


Stephanie Ludi, who earned her Ph.D. in computer science at ASU in 2003, leads a National Science Foundation (NSF) project to encourage middle school and high school students who have visual impairments to study computing.  Download Full Image


Supported by a $475,000 NSF grant, Accessible Computing Education – or Project ACE – is conducting hands-on “ImagineIt” workshops around the country.  


“It’s a critical time for them to learn that the challenges that come with their disabilities are not barriers to learning computer skills, going to college and having a career in the field,” says Ludi, who is legally blind.


Ludi has been on the faculty of the Rochester Institute of Technology for more than eight years. She’s now an associate professor of software engineering in the institute’s B. Thomas Golisano College of Computing and Information Sciences.


Much of her research focuses on seeking better ways to make education in computer science and engineering more accessible to people with disabilities.


The workshop she led at ASU was sponsored by the ASU-Tempe Disabilities Resource Center, the Foundation for Blind Children in Phoenix, and ASU’s Center for Cognitive Ubiquitous Computing – or CUbiC – where faculty and students design technologies and devices to assist people with sensory, perceptual or cognitive disabilities. 


Ludi “is doing excellent work in motivating students with visual impairment to pursue post-secondary education.  This aligns with CUbiC’s mission, so we were delighted to partner with her,” said Sethuraman Panchanathan, ASU’s chief research officer and founding director of CUbiC, which is part of the School of Informatics, Computing, and Decision Systems Engineering.


Working in the CUbiC lab, students used software that provides extra-large type on computer screens and an electronic voice function that reads the information on the screens for the user. The audio-visual enhancements enabled students to learn to program commands to control small robots, using the Lego Mindstorms NXT platform.


“It’s not just a technical exercise,” Ludi explained. “The kids start out being quiet and studious, then they get chatty and excited as they work together to figure out how to get the robots to do what they want.  It’s a lesson in how to be creative.” 


Ludi got help from the Disabilities Resource Center associate director Chad Price and disability access consultant Andy Oliver.


“It was great to see how her workshop got students engaged, and how excited they were about programming robots,” Oliver said.


Three ASU students also had learning experiences.


Laskshmie Viswanathan, who will soon earn his master’s degree in computer science, joined electrical engineering student Michael Astrauskas and special education student Shaylyn Savage in assisting Ludi in the workshop.


“We learned a lot about interacting with people, about how to communicate the knowledge we have from our studies and research so that it can be useful to these students,” Viswanathan said. “It was pretty awesome.”


Beyond encouraging people with visual impairments to study computing, the goal of Project ACE is to see them pursue careers in the field.


“People with disabilities are underrepresented in the drive for innovation and creativity that leads to new advances to improve our lives,” said Disabilities Resource Center director Terri Hedgpeth. “Their participation will broaden the diversity among the ranks of innovators.”


With more diversity within the computing professions, Ludi said, “not only can more students reach their potential, but we all will benefit from the distinctive perspectives people with disabilities bring to exploring what technology can do in finding solutions to our challenges.”

Joe Kullman

Science writer, Ira A. Fulton Schools of Engineering

480-965-8122

ASU's Kimbel part of live chat for Science.org


June 21, 2011


Who were the first humans? What do recent findings tell us about how our species evolved? And what new discoveries are changing our thinking about where we came from?


Science Live online has asked Institute of Human Origins' director Bill Kimbel to participate in a live chat on these topics, titled “Who was the first human?” Joining Science’s Ann Gibbons will be Kimbel and Peter Ungar, chair of the Department of Anthropology at the University of Arkansas. The chat will begin at noon Phoenix/MST time on Thursday, June 23 (3:00 pm EDT) at the Science.org link at http://news.sciencemag.org/sciencenow/2011/06/live-chat-who-was-the-first-huma.html. Download Full Image ">http://news.sciencemag.org/sciencenow/2011/06/live-chat-who-was-the-firs...


Kimbel’s participation in this live online conversation comes out of an article written by Gibbons for the June 17, 2011 issue of Science, “Who Was Homo habilis – And Was It Really Homo?" In it Kimbel is quoted in a discussion of the origins of Homo using identification based on diet using teeth patterns:


Diet can vary among individuals and is not a reliable trait for classifying taxa, says paleoanthropologist William Kimbel of Arizona State University, Tempe. Also, a fossil jawbone from Hadar, Ethiopia, has traits that put it squarely in Homo, dates back to 2.3 million years ago, and is very similar to H. habilis, he says. If so, early members of H. habilis may have given rise to H. erectus in Africa. (link to the full article: http://www.sciencemag.org/content/332/6036/1370.full">http://www.sciencemag.org/content/332/6036/1370.full">http://www.science...)


The Institute of Human Origins is a research unit of the College of Liberal Arts and Sciences in the School of Human Evolution and Social Change. For more information on the institute, go to http://iho.asu.edu.">mailto:http://iho.asu.edu">http://iho.asu.edu.

Julie Russ

Assistant director, Institute of Human Origins

480-727-6571