National Science Foundation awards ASU world-changing technology center


August 10, 2015

Editor's note: This story is being highlighted in ASU Now's year in review. To read more top stories from 2015, click here.

University receives second Engineering Research Center, elevating its role as a leader in global innovation two men in a lab ASU will play a leading partnership role in the Nanotechnology Enabled Water Treatment Systems (NEWT) Center. The center is focused on developing compact, mobile, off-grid water treatment systems that can provide clean water to millions of people who lack it. Download Full Image

Arizona State University today was awarded its second Engineering Research Center from the National Science Foundation, making it one of only two universities in the nation to lead two of the prestigious centers.

NSF announced that ASU will lead the $18.5 million Center for Bio-mediated and Bio-inspired Geotechnics (CBBG), which will pioneer advances to solve some of the world’s biggest environmental and infrastructure development problems.

For example, the center will aim to make soil stronger so that building foundations can better withstand earthquakes.

The coveted distinction of leading two Engineering Research Centers places ASU among the country’s top research institutions in advancing innovation and discovery designed to benefit people around the globe.

“This recognition and support from the NSF underscores ASU’s rapid rise over the past decade to a leadership position in science and technology at the national level,” said Sethuraman “Panch” Panchanathan, senior vice president for Knowledge Enterprise Development at ASU. “ASU’s New American University model, with its interdisciplinary approach to solving complex challenges, has led to increasing success in pursuing large-scale, highly competitive awards such as the Engineering Research Centers.”

Today’s announcement was part of the NSF’s announcement of three new centers across the United States, with Arizona State University figuring prominently in two of them.

ASU already leads the Quantum Energy and Sustainable Solar Technologies (QESST) Center, which was awarded in 2011 and recently renewed by the NSF and the Department of Energy. The center focuses on advancing photovoltaic solar cell science, technology and education — essentially improving all aspects of solar energy.

North Carolina State University is the only other university to lead two NSF Engineering Research Centers.

And only six other universities have both leadership and partnership roles in multiple ERCs. ASU now joins a distinguished group of institutions that, in addition to NC State, includes: Stanford, Rice, Berkeley, UCLA and RPI.

Additionally today, the NSF announced that ASU will play a leading partnership role in a third center, the Nanotechnology Enabled Water Treatment Systems (NEWT) Center. The center is focused on developing compact, mobile, off-grid water treatment systems that can provide clean water to millions of people who lack it. Such technology could aid locations ranging from rural communities to remote outposts to disaster zones.

NEWT will be led by and based at Rice University and brings together experts from ASU, Rice, the University of Texas at El Paso and Yale University to work with more than 30 partners, including Shell, Baker Hughes, UNESCO, the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers and NASA.

Engineering Research Centers are interdisciplinary entities involving multiple universities and other institutions. They are a collaboration of academia, industry and government partnering to produce technology that changes the world, as well as innovative-minded engineering graduates capable of leading in the global economy.

ASU’s Center for Bio-mediated and Bio-inspired Geotechnics will focus on expanding the emerging field of biogeotechnical engineering, led by Edward Kavazanjian, Regents’ Professor and Ira A. Fulton Professor of Geotechnical Engineering. In addition to earthquake resilience, researchers want to look into such things as how trees stabilize soil and apply their analyses to prevent erosion around building foundations or critical infrastructure, such as water and power systems.

Georgia Institute of Technology, New Mexico State University and the University of California-Davis are partners in the new center. A number of agencies that manage large public infrastructure systems — including the Arizona and New Mexico transportation departments, the Los Angeles Department of Water and Power and the Port of Los Angeles — have also agreed to collaborate with the center.

“This new award is further evidence that ASU stands out as a national leader in cutting-edge interdisciplinary research that breaks down the traditional silos found in academia to bring forward innovative solutions for critical global problems,” said Mitch Horowitz, vice president and managing director of Battelle’s Technology Partnership Practice, a leading national science and technology consulting arm of the world’s largest independent, non-profit research and development organization. “Just as important, ASU brings a strong translational focus with its faculty, students and staff working collaboratively with industry to speed up the process of moving these interdisciplinary research innovations from the laboratory to application, and that is now getting further national recognition with this new Engineering Research Center.”

The announcement of ASU’s new ERCs follows on the heels of other awards that underscore ASU’s national standing as a top-tier research university. Recently, NASA awarded ASU a contract to build an instrument for an upcoming probe that will search for signs of life on Jupiter’s moon, Europa. ASU recently shipped another instrument that was designed, built and tested on the Tempe campus that will be sent to the asteroid Bennu. The development of the instruments makes ASU among only a handful of institutions capable of producing such NASA technology.

The university made national headlines last year when plant biologist Charlie Arntzen played a key role in the development of ZMapp, an experimental treatment for Ebola that helped save the lives of two American doctors. In the same year, ASU ranked in the top 50 among all universities in the world for its number of new patents.

The recent successes cap a decade in which ASU’s research enterprise has tripled to more than $425 million.

“Major researchers and industry partners look to ASU for new technologies that will advance innovation and significantly contribute to local and national economic development,” Panchanathan said.

The newly formed Nanotechnology Enabled Water Treatment Systems, will work on compact, portable water treatment systems and on making energy production more sustainable and cost effective. ASU’s Paul Westerhoff, professor and vice provost for academic research programming will be the deputy director of NEWT.

ASU will continue its partner leadership role in the Future Renewable Electric Energy Delivery Management Systems (FREEDM) Engineering Research Center, which is pursuing advances in renewable electric power. FREEDM is led by and based at North Carolina State University.

The leadership roles in a total of four Engineering Research Centers puts ASU in a prominent, trailblazing role that will draw researchers and support for years to come.

Media contact:

Judy Keane, judy.keane@asu.edu
(602) 965-3779

ASU part of group that wins coveted engineering research center


August 10, 2015

No other resource is as necessary for life as is water, and providing it safely and universally is a grand challenge inextricably linked to public health, energy production and sustainable development.

Arizona State University and a consortium of industry, university and government partners have awarded $18.5 million to establish one of the National Science Foundation's (NSF) prestigious Engineering Research Centers to develop compact, mobile, off-grid water-treatment systems that can provide clean water to millions of people who lack it and make U.S. energy production more sustainable and cost effective. ASU researchers have been allocated $3.2 million for their role in the center. NEWT will develop modular, off-grid water-treatment technology Download Full Image

The Nanotechnology Enabled Water Treatment Systems center, or NEWT, will be led by and based at Rice University in Houston, Texas. It is funded by a five-year renewable NSF grant. NEWT brings together experts from ASU, Rice, University of Texas at El Paso and Yale University to work with more than 30 partners, including Shell, Baker Hughes, UNESCO, the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers and the National Aeronautics and Space Administration.

ERCs are interdisciplinary, multi-institutional entities that join academia, industry and government in partnership to produce both transformational technology and innovative-minded engineering graduates who are primed to lead the global economy. ERCs often become self-sustaining and typically leverage more than $50 million in federal and industry research funding during their first decade.

NEWT director Pedro Alvarez, Rice's George R. Brown Professor of Civil and Environmental Engineering and professor of chemistry, materials science and nanoengineering, said treated water is often unavailable in rural areas and low-resource communities that cannot afford large treatment plants or the miles of underground pipes to deliver water. Forty-three million Americans lack access to municipal water; 800 million worldwide lack access to safe water.

"The importance of clean water to global health and economic development simply cannot be overstated," said Alvarez, the principal investigator on the grant for NEWT. "We envision using technology and advanced materials to provide clean water to millions of people who lack it and to enable energy production in the United States to be more cost-effective and more sustainable in regard to its water footprint."

NEWT deputy director is Paul Westerhoff, ASU vice provost for academic research and professor in the School of Sustainable Engineering and the Built Environment, one of the Ira A. Fulton Schools of Engineering.

“ASU is uniquely positioned to play a key role in this innovative center. Our school's civil engineering curriculum focuses on sustainable engineering as a revolutionary approach to solve key human needs," said G. Edward Gibson, director of the School for Sustainable Engineering and the Built Environment. Paul Westerhoff has garnered wide recognition for his work related to the treatment and occurrence of contaminants in water and for his multidisciplinary research. NEWT has the potential to create disruptive technology to improve the quality of life for millions of people and fits squarely into our vision for the school.”

According to Westerhoff the new modular water-treatment systems, which will be small enough to fit in the back of a tractor-trailer, will use nanoengineered catalysts, membranes and light-activated materials to change the economics of water treatment.

"NEWT's vision goes well beyond today's technology," said Westerhoff, a senior scientist in ASU’s Julie Ann Wrigley Global Institute of Sustainability and co-principal investigator on the NSF grant. "We've set a path for transformative new technology that will move water treatment from a predominantly chemical treatment process to more efficient catalytic and physical processes that exploit solar energy and generate less waste."

The research will include three focus areas: the development of multifunctional engineered nanomaterials to purify water, solar desalination of groundwater, and development of new methods for scaling and fouling control.

Some of the applications for the technologies will include novel under-sink water treatment systems to purify water. The market for this type of point-of-entry water treatment is between $2 billion and $5 billion.

NEWT's water-treatment systems will be able to convert water from any source — including pond water, seawater and floodwater — into drinking water using solar energy, even under cloudy conditions, or other renewable energy sources.

The system's modular units also will be easy to reconfigure to meet desired water-quality levels for virtually any situation. The system will include components that target suspended solids, microbes, dissolved contaminants and salts, and it will have the ability to treat a variety of industrial wastewater according to industry's need for discharge or reuse.

NEWT will focus on applications for humanitarian emergency response, rural water systems and wastewater treatment and reuse at remote sites, including both onshore and offshore drilling platforms for oil and gas exploration.

“NEWT will provide affordable and efficient water treatment systems that remove current trade-offs between cost and performance and between energy consumption and treatment rate,” Westerhoff said. “These advantages will give NEWT products a competitive edge in emerging markets surrounding global health and decentralized water management.”

NEWT's goal is to attract industry funding and become self-sufficient within 10 years. Toward that end, NEWT will carefully select industrial partners from every part of the water market, including equipment makers and vendors, system operators, industrial service firms and others.

Other ASU researchers working with NEWT include:

• Albert Brown, lecturer in environmental resources management in the Polytechnic School
• Adam Carberry, assistant professor in engineering and manufacturing engineering in the Polytechnic School
• Candace Chan, assistant professor in the School for Engineering of Matter, Transport and Energy
• Peter Fox, professor in the School of Sustainable Engineering and the Built Environment and senior scientist in the Julie Ann Wrigley Global Institute of Sustainability
• Christiana Honsberg, professor in the School of Electrical, Computer and Energy Engineering
• Kiril Hristovski, assistant professor in engineering and environmental resource management in the Polytechnic School and senior sustainability scientist in the Julie Ann Wrigley Global
• Mary Laura Lind, assistant professor in the School for Engineering of Matter, Transport and Energy and senior sustainability scientist in the Julie Ann Wrigley Global Institute of Sustainability
• Jekan Thanga, assistant professor in the School of Earth and Space Exploration

NEWT is one of three new ERCs announced by the NSF today in Washington. These join 16 existing centers that are still receiving federal support.