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Materials research progress earns professor praise from peer groups

October 30, 2013

Arizona State University assistant professor of engineering Kiran Solanki has added another accolade from a professional engineering organization in recognition of his early-career research achievements.

He was recently announced as the winner of the Orr Early Career Award, bestowed by the Materials Division of the American Society for Mechanical Engineers. Kiran Solanki Orr Career Award Download Full Image

Solanki is on the faculty of the School for Engineering of Matter, Transport and Energy, one of ASU’s Ira A. Fulton Schools of Engineering.

Those eligible for the award must have earned their degrees within the past seven years and be working in areas such as experimental, computational or theoretical materials fatigue and fracture.

Range of research pursuits

Solanki’s research expertise spans several areas, including computational fatigue and fracture, constitutive modeling for metallic alloys and others areas at the interface of solid mechanics and material science.  

To date, Solanki has authored or coauthored 40 research journal articles, four book chapters and 35 conference proceedings reports during his time at ASU and his previous faculty position at Mississippi State University.

He is also currently leading a project sponsored by the Office of Naval Research focusing on the environmental impacts of naval materials. His goal is to postulate principles that can aid software development to explore the predictability of fatigue and cracking growth in naval materials.

Other recent awards attest to his research successes. Solanki won the 2013 Young Leader Professional Development Award from TMS, the Minerals, Metals & Materials Society, which bestows the honor on young faculty members to help support their promising research.

Advancing technologies

Solanki and two co-authors received the 2011 Light Metals Magnesium Best Paper award from TMS. In the award-winning paper, Solanki’s research team demonstrates the use of a nanoscale simulation technique to reveal how an aluminum substitution in pure magnesium affects its deformation and its behavior when the material fails.

In March of this year Solanki was awarded a $346,000 grant through the Air Force’s Young Investigator Research Program for work to demonstrate the potential to advance engineering technology used by the Air Force. Solanki’s work with multiscale modeling of lightweight alloys, specifically their fatigue and fracture behavior, helped earn him the grant.

In all, Solanki has earned more than $1 million in funding for his research pursuits since joining ASU in 2011.

In addition, his paper published in the journal Engineering Fracture Mechanics was recognized as one of the most highly cited papers from the years 2002 to 2005, according to Elsevier, a publisher of engineering and technology books and journals.  

He was also recognized for efforts to promote engineering education in the area of fatigue technology by receiving the Society of Automotive Engineers’ Henry O. Fuchs award in 2008.

Making an impact

The thrust of his research reflects “contemporary issues that are very important to the research community,” says Hussein M. Zbib, a professor in the School of Mechanical and Materials Engineering at Washington State University, and one of three colleagues who nominated Solanki for the award.

Solanki’s ability to obtain funding from national agencies such as the Department of Defense and the Department of Energy, says professor Zbib, “are clear indications that he is a successful researcher and is able to develop and sustain a successful research program.”

“Solanki is not only an outstanding young researcher, but also a young leader who has demonstrated exceptional leadership skills through organizing several special workshops, meetings, technical sessions and symposiums,” says professor A.M. “Raj” Rajendran, an ASME Fellow and chair of the Department of Mechanical Engineering at the University of Mississippi, who nominated Solanki for the award.

D.J. Bammann, another nominator, says he is impressed with Solanki’s “proactive nature in tackling tough research problems without fear.” Bammann is an ASME Fellow and the Billy J. Ball Professor in the College of Engineering at Mississippi State University.

“Solanki’s research has had an enormous impact in a short time,” David McDowell wrote in his nomination statement. “In the few years of his career, he has devoted significant effort to developing complicated algorithms for modeling fatigue crack growth and damage mechanics under uncertainty in new domains of metals that are advancing lightweight manufacturing and design.”

McDowell is a Regents’ Professor and the Carter N. Paden Jr. Distinguished Chair in Metals Processing at Georgia Tech, where he is also the founding director of the Institute of Materials.

Formal presentation of Solanki’s Orr Early Career Award will be made during the ASME Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition, Nov. 15-21 in San Diego.

At the event, Solanki will give a presentation on his research, titled “On Stress Corrosion Cracking Mechanisms in Iron: A Multiscale Perspective.”

Read more about the work in Solanki’s lab.

Written by Rosie Gochnour and Joe Kullman

Joe Kullman

Science writer, Ira A. Fulton Schools of Engineering


New health studies launched with ASU, Mayo seed grants

October 30, 2013

Researchers from Arizona State University and Mayo Clinic are teaming up to study critical health problems with support from seed grants funded jointly by ASU and Mayo Clinic. These new projects will contribute to advances in:

• identifying antibodies involved in inflammatory bowel disease Download Full Image

• improving nutrition and physical activity among homeless children

• developing better prosthetic hands

• enhancing the quality of colonoscopies

• understanding biological processes involved in addiction and eating disorders

“The seed grant program is one of many ways ASU and Mayo Clinic work together to improve human health and advance the science of health care delivery. This program provides the opportunity to launch innovative research efforts with the potential for significant impact on society,” says Sethuraman “Panch” Panchanathan, senior vice president for Knowledge Enterprise Development at ASU.

Over the past decade, ASU and Mayo Clinic have partnered on several joint research projects, research centers, academic programs, joint faculty appointments, dual degrees and provision of health services.

The seed grant program began in 2005 and provides $40,000 to each winning team to initiate studies that advance biomedicine and health. The goal of the program is to develop preliminary results that can help attract substantial funding from external agencies. Since its inception, the program has funded 54 projects.

"The Seed Grant program is a cornerstone of the Mayo Clinic-ASU relationship that continues to create new and lasting partnerships between scientists and physicians from each institution,” says Dr. Dean Wingerchuk, vice chair for clinical research at Mayo Clinic in Arizona. “It provides a direct mechanism for advancing new technologies and health care innovations with a goal of improving health care delivery and outcomes."

The winning proposals are judged on five criteria. They must be scientifically interesting and innovative, have valid methodology, show collaborative effort, offer the likelihood of future funding or collaboration, and be feasible to complete within the project period. ASU faculty members on the winning teams represent a variety of disciplines, including engineering, nursing, chemistry, biomedical informatics and psychology.

The 2014 projects include:

“Autoantibody biomarker discovery in inflammatory bowel disease using Immunoproteomics.”
Joshua LaBaer, professor, ASU Biodesign Institute; Dr. Shabana Pasha, specialist in gasteroenterology/inflammatory bowel disease, Mayo Clinic.

“Pilot nutritional and physical activity data in homeless children.”
Diana Jacobson, assistant professor, ASU College of Nursing and Health Solutions; Dr. Brian Lynch, assistant professor of pediatrics, Mayo Clinic.

“Design and implementation of a soft synergy-based hand for prosthetic applications.”
Marco Santello, professor, ASU School of Biological and Health Systems Engineering; Dr. Carmen Terzic, chair of physical medicine and rehabilitation, Mayo Clinic.

“Enhancing the quality of optical colonoscopy.”
Jianming Liang, associate professor, ASU Department of Biomedical Informatics; Dr. Suryakanth Gurudu, associate professor of medicine, Mayo Clinic.

“Chromatin alterations produced by drugs of abuse and binge eating.”
Foster Olive, associate professor, ASU Department of Psychology; Traci Czyzyk-Morgan, assistant professor of physiology, Mayo Clinic.

Learn more about past seed grant recipients.

Learn more about collaborations between ASU and Mayo Clinic.