Hayes honored for top achievements


March 13, 2013

The American Microchemical Society will honor Mark Hayes, ASU associate professor of chemistry and biochemistry, with the Benedetti-Pichler Award in recognition of his major contributions to the development of new technology for analyzing ultra small volumes of biological fluids and tissues.

The award recognizes outstanding research in the field of microchemistry as well as administration, teaching and other activities that promote and advance microchemistry. The award will be presented at the Eastern Analytical Symposium and Exhibition in November of this year in Somerset, N.J. Mark Hayes Download Full Image

Hayes’s academic career has produced significant results across several disciplines within the analytical and physical chemistry community that includes aspects of engineering, physics, biology and medicine. While contributing to the knowledge base, Mark has energetically and creatively supported the wider profession at local, regional, national and international levels.

“It is an honor to be included in an impressive line of BP Award winners that stretches over four decades,” said Hayes. “I am humbled to be added to any list that includes the likes of Walter C. McCrone (father of modern scientific microscopy), George H. Morrison (a giant in the field and past editor of Analytical Chemistry), Jonathan V. Sweedler (current editor of Analytical Chemistry) and my own research advisor Andrew G. Ewing (Marie Currie Chair, Chalmers University and University of Gothenburg, Sweden). While our group has worked quietly and diligently, it is great to see that our work has been noted and is respected.”

Hayes earned his undergraduate degree at Humboldt State University, in Calif., and then initially worked in private industry at a "mom & pop" analytical laboratory, and at J&W Scientific capillary gas chromatography column manufacturer (now part of Agilent). He then entered graduate school at Penn State University and studied under professor Andrew G. Ewing, developing electroosmotic flow control mechanisms. Postdoctoral studies were with professor Werner Kuhr at the University of California, Riverside and focused on attaching enzymes directly to electrochemical probes to transduce non-electroactive targets to species, which can be sensed via electron transfer.

Hayes has contributed to several different research areas, ranging from creating bionanotubules from liposomes in electric fields, to establishing a framework for vastly improved microscale array-based separations, reported in more than seventy publications and book chapters. He has served on review panels for NIH, NSF, DOE, RSC, NAS, DOJ, GRE, DARPA, private industry, local (Mayo Clinic), and Romanian & Czech scientific and has served as peer reviewer to at least twenty-five journals, including Analytical Chemistry, The Journal of the American Chemical Society, Nature, Langmuir and The Proceedings of the Royal Society. He was recently elected President (starting in 2013) of AES (Electrophoresis Society) and recently was named to the editorial board of Electrophoresis and was a finalist for the FACSS Innovation Award. He has mentored fifty undergraduate and graduate students, producing thirteen doctorates while supporting them with research funds and prestigious fellowships from NSF, ACS, Fulbright, Kirkbright, FLAS and local awards.

Jenny Green

Clinical associate professor, School of Molecular Sciences

480-965-1430

Doctoral student investigates societal stigmas placed on sex workers


March 13, 2013

Kathleen Read, a doctoral student in the College of Liberal Arts and Sciences, is delving into the world of sex work and uncovering the societal stigmas that affect the way individuals connect and self identify.

Read became introduced to the world of sex work as a volunteer at DIGNITY House, a halfway house in Phoenix for sex workers looking to exit the industry. The program also provides street outreach and access to rehabilitation programs for those facing substance abuse issues. Download Full Image

One of her main jobs as a volunteer was to organize a narrative writing therapy class. It was during these sessions that Read began learning about the experiences of sex workers and an inner dialogue that appeared to be common among the group.

“They would use terminology that I had never heard before," Read said. "One woman said ‘I love to hand my daddy stacks.’ They had to explain to me that ‘daddy’ stood for pimp and a ‘stack’ is a thousand dollars.”

Read then decided to conduct a study with 16 women in the Phoenix Diversion program to see if this inside language created kinship and how these networks function. She also conducted a second study on the idea of kinship within a legal sex work setting. For this, she turned to a brothel in Nevada. Her results showed that in Phoenix there was definitely a connection between workers, but not in Nevada.

Upon completing her master’s degree in English from the Department of English at ASU, Read set her sights on earning a doctorate from the department as well. She chose to focus her dissertation on how discourse within the sex worker industry facilitated the development of stigmas, and how these stigmas in turn caused identity constructions within the individuals.

To gain insight, Read began volunteering at St. James Infirmary in San Francisco. She was a volunteer for a full year before she became a trusted ally in the eyes of sex workers that frequented the facility. Not only did she learn how to better serve the community, but also it helped her connect with men, women and transgender workers who were looking to share their story.

“Everyone has a voice that they want to be heard," she said. "For this community, they are used to being dismissed or having their voice muted. I was really lucky to speak with them.”

Read says that there are three general stigmas placed upon sex workers. The first is that their work is illegal and, therefore, wrong. The second is that sex work is deviant and immoral. The third discourse is the stereotype that all sex workers are dangerous and need to be contained. She adds that many of the people she interviewed said they felt these negative stigmas and consequently felt shame about what they did for a living.

However, with the propagation of these stigmas has also come resistance. Read says that some of the group developed a political voice and refusal to fall in line or take on a negative self-identity.

“Some people took on the attitude that this was just something they were doing to make money and didn’t internalize the stigma. One woman even said, ‘I ain’t nobody's ho. I’m a business woman,’” she said.

After concluding her research, Read feels that a solution to reverse these stigmas and provide safety measures for sex workers is to decriminalize the work.

“Making sex work illegal makes the situation for workers worse because they don’t have any protection. At the same time though, making it legal makes things difficult for people who do want to legally register as being in the sex work industry,” she said.

Read recently defended her dissertation to the Department of English staff. She says the experience was positive and felt like a celebration of her hard work.