ASU leads new research network to study impacts of nanomaterials


April 1, 2014

Arizona State University researchers will lead a multi-university project to aid industry in understanding and predicting the potential health and environmental risks from nanomaterials.

Nanoparticles, which are approximately 1 to 100 nanometers in size, are used in an increasing number of consumer products to provide texture, resiliency and, in some cases, antibacterial protection. student working in a lab Download Full Image

The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has awarded a grant of $5 million over the next four years to support the LCnano Network as part of the Life Cycle of Nanomaterials project, which will focus on helping to ensure the safety of nanomaterials throughout their life cycles – from the manufacture to the use and disposal of the products that contain these engineered materials.

Paul Westerhoff is the LCnano Network director, as well as the associate dean of research for ASU’s Ira A. Fulton Schools of Engineering and a professor in the School of Sustainable Engineering and the Built Environment.

The project will team engineers, chemists, toxicologists and social scientists from ASU, Johns Hopkins, Duke, Carnegie Mellon, Purdue, Yale, Oregon’s state universities, the Colorado School of Mines and the University of Illinois-Chicago.

Engineered nanomaterials of silver, titanium, silica and carbon are among the most commonly used. They are dispersed in common liquids and food products, embedded in the polymers from which many products are made and attached to textiles, including clothing.

Nanomaterials provide clear benefits for many products, Westerhoff says, but there remains “a big knowledge gap” about how, or if, nanomaterials are released from consumer products into the environment as they move through their life cycles, eventually ending up in soils and water systems.

“We hope to help industry make sure that the kinds of products that engineered nanomaterials enable them to create are safe for the environment,” Westerhoff says.

“We will develop molecular-level fundamental theories to ensure the manufacturing processes for these products is safer,” he explains, “and provide databases of measurements of the properties and behavior of nanomaterials before, during and after their use in consumer products.”

Among the bigger questions the LCnano Network will investigate are whether nanomaterials can become toxic through exposure to other materials or the biological environs they come in contact with over the course of their life cycles, Westerhoff says.

The researchers will collaborate with industry – both large and small companies – and government laboratories to find ways of reducing such uncertainties.

Among the objectives is to provide a framework for product design and manufacturing that preserves the commercial value of the products using nanomaterials, but minimizes potentially adverse environmental and health hazards.

In pursuing that goal, the network team will also be developing technologies to better detect and predict potential nanomaterial impacts.

Beyond that, the LCnano Network also plans to increase awareness about efforts to protect public safety as engineered nanomaterials in products become more prevalent.

The grant will enable the project team to develop educational programs, including a museum exhibit about nanomaterials based on the LCnano Network project. The exhibit will be deployed through a partnership with the Arizona Science Center and researchers who have worked with the Nanoscale Informal Science Education Network.

The team also plans to make information about its research progress available on the nanotechnology industry website Nanohub.org.

“We hope to use Nanohub both as an internal virtual networking tool for the research team, and as a portal to post the outcomes and products of our research for public access,” Westerhoff says.

The grant will also support the participation of graduate students in the Science Outside the Lab program, which educates students on how science and engineering research can help shape public policy.

Other ASU faculty members involved in the LCnano Network project are:

• Pierre Herckes, associate professor, Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, College of Liberal Arts and Sciences
• Kiril Hristovski, assistant professor, Department of Engineering, College of Technology and Innovation
• Thomas Seager, associate professor, School of Sustainable Engineering and the Built Environment
• David Guston, professor and director, Consortium for Science, Policy and Outcomes
• Ira Bennett, assistant research professor, Consortium for Science, Policy and Outcomes
• Jameson Wetmore, associate professor, Consortium for Science, Policy and Outcomes, and School of Human Evolution and Social Change

Read the EPA news release about the LCNano Network and another new project to study the impacts of chemicals and nanoparticles on human health and the environment.

 
Joe Kullman

Science writer, Ira A. Fulton Schools of Engineering

480-965-8122

Events at ASU to commemorate civil rights leader Cesar Chavez


April 1, 2014

The School of Historical, Philosophical and Religious Studies at Arizona State University will host three events commemorating civil rights leader Cesar Chavez.

The first features Miriam Pawel, ASU professor and author of “The Crusades of Cesar Chavez,” and professor Matthew Garcia, author of “From the Jaws of Victory: The Triumph and Tragedy of Cesar Chavez and the Farm Worker Movement.” The duo will discuss the life of the civil rights leader and the movement he inspired at 3 p.m., April 7, in the Education Lecture Hall 117, just north of Gammage Auditorium, on the Tempe campus. organizers of the Farm Workers Movement Download Full Image

The second is a private gathering at a downtown Phoenix landmark, Santa Rita Hall. The hall was the site of a fast held by Cesar Chavez in the early 1970s. Arizona veterans of the movement will be honored there, including Gilbert Padilla, who was instrumental in helping organize a successful, international grape boycott with Cesar Chavez.

Topping off celebrations at 4:30 p.m., April 8, Paul Espinosa, filmmaker and professor in ASU's School of Transborder Studies, will moderate a discussion of filmmaker Diego Luna’s film, “Cesar Chavez.” Panelists include farm worker movement organizers Gilbert Padilla, Scott Washburn and biographers Miriam Pawel and Matthew Garcia. The screening will be held in ASU’s Memorial Union Pima Auditorium on the Tempe campus.

For more information, contact Beatriz.Kravetz@asu.edu or call 480-727-7114.

The School of Historical, Philosophical and Religious Studies is an academic unit in ASU's College of Liberal Arts and Sciences.

Margaret Coulombe

Director, Executive Communications, Office of the University Provost

480-965-8045