ASU professor advances research on water, contemporary Italian poetry

July 9, 2020

Serena Ferrando, assistant professor of environmental humanities and Italian at Arizona State University, is the discretionary funding winner from The College of Liberal Arts and Sciences' 2019–20 New Assistant Professor Workshop Series drawing and will be using the funds to advance her research on the intersection of water and literature. 

Her book in progress is titled "City of Water: The Poetic Geography of Modern Milan" and offers a novel and original ecocritical-cultural narrative of the relationship between poetry and nature in the city of Milan, Italy, and three Milanese poets. Ferrando’s work shows how during the 1920s and 1930s, Milan’s embrace of progress and modernity culminated in the controversial covering of the "navigli" (canals) to create roads and how, concurrently, a strong sense of nostalgia for the now-disappeared water emerged among the citizens. Download Full Image

Ferrando’s research on water and contemporary Italian poetry has birthed the Navigli Project (Instagram), an eco-digital interactive map of Milan’s waterways. She also studies environmental and experimental noisescapes and curates "Noisemakers!," a multimedia project that utilizes sound mapping to create a multisensory experience of the territory that is shared by a community. Her publications span from Italian literature to ecocriticism to digital humanities.

Students can enroll in her course, “City of Water: Uncovering Milan’s Aquatic Geographies” (ITA494/SLC494/CDH594), where they will explore the cultural history of water in Milan, Italy’s self-described “city of water,” in a multimedia environment that fosters an atmosphere of creative collaboration and encourages creative design. Students will generate searchable, annotated, thick maps of Milan and disseminate them outside the classroom and will also have the opportunity to see their work featured on the Navigli Project. The course will include a guest lecture by a renowned Milanese illustrator and two Milan-based film directors.

Taylor DiGiro

Communications and Marketing Intern, School of International Letters and Cultures

'Protect 30% of the planet for nature,' scientists urge in new report

July 9, 2020

In an independent report published this week, an analysis from over 100 experts finds the benefits of protecting 30% of the planet outweigh the costs by a factor of at least 5:1.

The report, titled "Protecting 30% of the planet for nature: costs, benefits, and economic implications,” represents the first multisector analysis assessing the global impacts of terrestrial and marine protected areas across the nature conservation, agriculture, forestry and fisheries sectors. It is the most comprehensive global assessment of the financial and economic impacts of protected areas ever completed.  deforestation in Borneo An aerial photo of Borneo shows deforestation and patches of remaining forest. Photo by Greg Asner Download Full Image

The report’s main finding is that protecting at least 30% of the world’s land and ocean provides greater benefits than the status quo, both in terms of financial outcomes and key nonmonetary benefits including ecosystem services such as climate change mitigation, flood protection, clean water provision and soil conservation. That percentage of protection generates economic benefits from these “public goods” averaging $350 billion annually and leads to increased economic output averaging $260 billion annually by 2050. Encouragingly, this protection would require just 0.16% of the global GDP, which is less than one-third of the government subsidies currently directed to activities that destroy nature. 

“There’s a misconception that we either can protect our planet or we can have economic growth, but in fact, it’s not an ‘and/or’ dichotomy," said Greg Asner, co-author of the study and director of the Arizona State University Center for Global Discovery and Conservation Science. "This report, based on input from over 100 economists and scientists, refutes the argument that achieving 30% protection of the Earth’s surface by 2030 requires unrealistic economic costs. Expanding protected areas to 30% actually generates higher overall revenues while also mitigating very real economic risks of climate change and biodiversity loss. It’s imperative that we do both.”

The researchers also highlight the key conservation roles played by Indigenous peoples and local communities to achieve these goals. With an appropriate right and governance framework, the report estimates that achieving 30% protection could lead to an increase of roughly 80% of the formal recognition of IPLC contributions to global land stewardship. The researchers note that effectively implementing increased protected areas will require local compensation and support as well as financial assistance to low and middle-income countries. 

Based on the report, the Campaign for Nature recommended a number of policies such as increasing long-term funding of protected areas from all sources, including social development assistance, philanthropies and corporations through a wide range of financial mechanisms. Investments in protected areas will have to increase to an estimated $140 billion annually from the current $24.3 billion by 2030. 

The researchers also call for governments, businesses and philanthropies to recognize nature conservation as a key sector of a resilient global economy, capable of driving economic growth while also providing life-sustaining benefits to people, such as reducing the risk of pandemics and alleviating poverty. Through policy changes and financial investments, governments, businesses and philanthropies can support the goal of 30% protection of land and sea by 2031 and halt the collapse of biodiversity.

Heather D'Angelo

Communications director, Center for Global Discovery and Conservation Science