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Retiring director of bands Gary Hill on the cusp of final encore at ASU

World-renowned conductor retiring from ASU after 20 years of leading students.
February 20, 2019

Musicians in national spotlight as 300 band directors convene in Tempe for conference

More than 300 college band directors from across the country will gather at Arizona State University this week to talk about music, technology and research and to hear some of the best university concert bands in the country.

The national conference of the College Band Directors National Association will feature 12 performances over four days, including ASU’s wind orchestra, which will perform under the direction of Gary Hill, who is retiring at the end of this semester. He is a professor of music and the director of bands.

In his 20 years at ASU, Hill has seen the campus transformed and the School of Music flourish. He has embraced technology and collaborated on innovative research projects.

“In the arts, our creativity and research is multifaceted,” he said. “We perform a lot on campus and I’ve performed a lot as a guest conductor, a conducting teacher and a clinician. That’s the creative aspect.”

Hill has seen a shift in attitude about majoring in music.

“Students today seek what was at one time called ‘value-added’ education,” he said.

“They want to come to a great school where they study with some of the world’s best studio teachers, where they get to play in some of the country’s best ensembles and where there’s more — they get to take a track in entrepreneurship and they take classes in music production and they get to do a double major. Those are great positive changes,” he said.

Hill teaches graduate-level courses in the School of Music’s conducting program and has seen the quality of students improve over the years.

“It’s not uncommon for students who come to our program to not only have a degree in conducting from another school but to also have attended lots of summer conducting symposia and to have had really good undergraduate training in conducting,” he said.

“We have one of the most unusual conducting programs in that it’s integrated. Students work with all of the conducting faculty as well as their mentor,” he said.

“They leave with a knowledge of all the main areas of conducting, which is helpful in getting jobs and in creating opportunities.”

Jason Caslor, an assistant professor of music and associate director of bands and orchestras at ASU, is a graduate of the program, earning his doctorate in music arts in 2010.

“It’s kind of a surreal place because the level of faculty and the level of the players is so incredibly high that in some ways, it’s almost easy to take it for granted,” said Caslor, who conducts the wind ensemble and the Philharmonia and teaches conducting.

“Not every place in the country can do what we do at the level we do it. I always say that I work with rock stars.”

In his time at ASU, Hill collaborated on several cross-disciplinary research projects. He was part of the team that created the motion-capture lab in the School of Arts, Media and Engineering, thanks to a multimillion-dollar grant from the National Science Foundation. He studied the use of motion capture in teaching conducting.

“The standard way for conducting students to evaluate themselves is to look at a videotape, but when we do that we look at ourselves less objectively,” he said.

“You tend to see flaws in yourself because you’re biased.”

But seeing an image created through motion capture was more objective.

“All of ‘you’ is out of the picture and all you see is a stick figure and you can immediately notice, ‘Look how my shoulder is raised’ or ‘My hands are in a funny position.’”

A few years ago, Hill presented a seminar on using science to improve performance in large ensembles. (One tip: Changing things around increases arousal in the brain and improves focus and memory, so reconfigure the seats during rehearsal.)

Another project involved collaborating with a neuroendocrinologist to study how biomarkers change when making music with other people.

“Those results were published in a number of science journals, which was very exciting,” he said.

Hill has spent the last few weeks preparing the wind orchestra for its performance at the conference, which will be at 7:30 p.m. Friday at Gammage Auditorium.

The orchestra will play seven selections, including the world premieres of two remarkable pieces.

“The Automatic Earth” by Steven Bryant is a dreamy, disorienting piece with vibraphone and harp, which is accompanied by a digital score of beeps, chirps and thumps created by the composer.

“That piece is about the challenges we face with climate change, combined with technology, that’s changing how we view the human,” Hill said.

“It’s art about a significant potential catastrophe and his take on that, and it’s a very powerful piece.”

The other premiere is “Places We Can No Longer Go,” which composer John Mackey dedicated to his mother, a musician who has early-onset dementia. Three years ago, he posted on social media that while his mother could no longer speak complete sentences, she still knew music. Hill saw the post and persuaded Mackey to compose a piece about it.

Hill has performed as a guest conductor around the world and will continue to do so after retiring from ASU.

“I’m contracted to do a lot of things next year, but it will be different from having the daily interaction with really bright students,” he said.

Top photo: Gary Hill, professor of music and the director of bands at ASU, rehearses with the wind orchestra. Photo by Charlie Leight/ASU Now

Mary Beth Faller

reporter , ASU Now


New research identifies best exercise times for adjusting body's internal clock

February 20, 2019

Everyone needs sleep, but that doesn’t mean it comes easy for everyone — especially when your natural sleep cycle is disrupted, throwing off your internal clock.

New research, though, offers hope for people looking to adjust more easily to unique bedtimes associated with jet lag, shift work or military deployments. Alarm clock in the foreground with woman sleeping in the background Download Full Image

ASU College of Nursing and Health Innovation Professor Shawn Youngstedt and his co-authors Jeffrey Elliott and Daniel Kripke wanted to expand on previous research that had shown exercising can cause changes to the body clock or circadian rhythm.

“We know that it can affect the internal clock, but there was never a clear understanding of what time of day exercise causes delays and when exercise advances the body clock. Without knowing this information, it is more difficult to help people who have body-clock disturbances,” he said.

So their study, outlined in an article just published in the Journal of Physiology, sought to narrow down the time of day you should work out for the desired adjustment.

Their results found:

  • Exercise at 7 a.m. or between 1 and 4 p.m. advanced the body clock, which would help people start activities earlier the next day.

  • Exercise between 7 and 10 p.m. delayed the body clock, which would help people shift their peak performance later the next day.

  • Exercise between 1 and 4 a.m. or at 10 a.m. had little effect on the body clock.

We asked Youngstedt to walk us through the study, the findings and to put the challenges of body-clock disruption in perspective.

Question: What makes this study unique?

Answer: This was the first study to examine exercise at eight different times of the day or night in a large enough number of subjects (101 subjects) to show clearly when exercise advances the body clock and when it delays the body clock. This was also the first study to compare women vs. men and older adults vs. young adults. No differences were found in how exercise shifts the body clock by age or sex.


Shawn Youngstedt

Q: What are some of the common disruptors to one's internal body clock?

A: Shift work and jet lag are common disruptors. Having a light on, even a cellphone light, at night can delay the body clock, making it harder to get up in the morning. Not getting enough outdoor light or physical activity are also disruptors.

Q: What can happen if you experience those disruptors?

A: In the short term, these disruptors often lead to sleep disturbance, impaired mood and alertness, and increased risk of accidents. Jet lag also commonly leads to digestion problems. Shift work is associated with a high risk of cancer. Indeed, shift work is now considered a carcinogenic behavior. It is also associated with cardiovascular disease, depression, diabetes and obesity.

Q: How significant a problem is this?

A: About 20 percent of the world's population are shift workers, and millions of air travelers suffer from jet lag annually. Social jet lag, which is associated with sleeping later and longer on weekends than on school or work days, also seems to be becoming more prevalent. Delayed sleep phase is particularly common in adolescents and young adults and commonly leads to loss of sleep during the week.

Q: What’s the potential impact of your study’s findings?

A: We think there will be more exploration of exercise for shifting the body clock in real-world situations.

Q: Are there plans to further the research?

A: We hope to look at dose-response effects. Our study used one hour of moderately intense exercise. It will be helpful to know if similar effects are shown with lighter-intensity exercise or shorter exercise. Maybe slowly strolling around the Louvre for a few hours would produce the same or greater effects, which would be helpful to know for travelers. Another thing we would like to explore is combining exercise with bright light and melatonin. Now that we know the best time for causing shifts for all of these stimuli, we might be able to travel across 12 time zones and be adjusted in just a few days.

Amanda Goodman

Media relations officer, College of Nursing and Health Innovation