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ASU panel discusses do's and don'ts of social media

The cardinal rule of social media for ASU prof David King? Be nice.
January 31, 2018

Social media can be extremely useful when you have something to shout from the rooftops — like, say, groundbreaking research — and indeed, many scholars regularly use it so. But along with that ease of information sharing come certain liabilities, especially when you represent a public institution.

Former Drexel University Professor George Ciccariello-Maher learned that the hard way after a series of controversial tweets following the 2017 Las Vegas shooting eventually cost him his job.

Even if you think your account is private, it's best to err on the side of caution.

“I just assume that everything I post online can be connected to me personally,” said David King, an assistant professor of urban planning.

King shared that sage advice with a handful of other Arizona State University social sciences faculty, staff and students who gathered last week on the Tempe campus to discuss the do's and don’ts, pros and cons, and ins and outs of social media, when it comes to improving the impact of their research.

I’m never going to post something I wouldn’t want Michael Crow or my mom knowing about.

— Professor David King

Elizabeth Wentz, dean of social sciences in the College of Liberal Arts and Sciences, was on hand to introduce the panel, which included King; Tracy Spinrad, human development professor; Trisalyn Nelson, Foundation Professor and director of the School of Geographical Sciences and Urban Planning; and Cameron Thies, professor and director of the School of Politics and Global Studies.

Wentz told the room that over the past couple of years, she’d noticed how the impact of one’s research had become an increasingly important criterion when considering applicants for professorships.

“It struck me,” she said, “how is social media changing the needle on how impactful our research is? Do I recommend people use it, or is it not worth it?”

For Spinrad, it’s worth it. When she ran into a wall trying to recruit students for a recent study, she found success posting her research project on Facebook. Project K.I.D. (Kindness in Development) seeks to examine children’s prosocial behavior toward others.

four ASU professors sitting at the front of a classroom

From left to right: ASU professors Cameron Thies, David King, Trisalyn Nelson and Tracy Spinrad discuss the ins and outs of social media. Photo by Charlie Leight/ASU Now

All she had to do was create a group, invite a few people and watch it grow as they shared with their friends and family, and on and on.

“I did nothing,” Spinrad said. “And it just kind of spread like wildfire.”

The study is now complete and she uses the Facebook group page to keep participants posted about developments and updates in the research. What’s more, Raising Arizona Kids saw the page and contacted her for an August 2017 story about the study.

Publishers are very interested in social media, said Thies, who serves as editor-in-chief of the scholarly journal Foreign Policy Analysis, published by Oxford University Press.

“Oxford in particular has developed metric scores,” he said, to analyze how well a certain article or study is being received on social media. The metrics look at things like the number of times an article was tweeted or re-tweeted, the number of times it was shared, where it was shared, etc.

The article is then scored based on its performance, which can provide insight on how, when and where to advertise something similar in the future.

The publishing industry is “with [social media] for the long run, for good or bad,” Thies said.

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Elizabeth Wentz, dean of social sciences in the College of Liberal Arts and Sciences. Photo by Charlie Leight/ASU Now

He and others on the panel touted the benefits of such professionally-geared sites as Google Scholar, ResearchGate and LinkedIn to share their work and spark collaborations, while others admitted they primarily use sites with a more general audience, like Twitter.

King says to use them all. He’s done his due diligence in securing an account on as many social media sites as he is aware of.

“Claim those sites,” he said. “Whether or not you use [that account], this is your online presence. You never know when you’re going to need it.”

And something that should be obvious about social media: it has to be social.

“If you just post stuff, you’re not going to get anything out of it,” King said. “You have to interact to some degree.”

There again, though, another pitfall emerges. Learning to manage how much time you spend on social media is crucial as an academic with a packed schedule.

“Overall, it can be fun but there are also times when you don’t want it to interfere with your writing or other priorities,” Nelson said.

One recommendation the panel gave was to only check in on social media between tasks, so it doesn’t become all-consuming. Another point they all agreed on, and one that King considers a cardinal rule, is to just be nice.

“Don’t tweet about the president,” King said. “Sometimes you just have to let stuff go. There will always be someone who disagrees with you, there will always be a daily outrage. … But I’m never going to post something I wouldn’t want Michael Crow or my mom knowing about.”

Top photo: (From left to right) Cameron Thies, professor and director of the School of Politics and Global Studies; David King, assistant professor of urban planning; Trisalyn Nelson, Foundation Professor and director of the School of Geographical Sciences and Urban Planning; and Tracy Spinrad, professor of human development, discuss the ins and outs of social media Thursday, Jan. 25 at ASU. Photo by Charlie Leight/ASU Now.

 
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Why is this year's flu season so bad?

January 31, 2018

ASU professor says several strains are working their way through immune systems

This year’s flu season has been nasty and unrelenting, and unfortunately, it's ramping up to be the worst in nearly a decade. Immune systems have been strained, emergency rooms jammed, and cough medicine and Kleenex are flying off the shelves.

The deadly epidemic has claimed the lives of 37 children and thousands of adults this season — the result of several different strains of influenza, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. And there’s still a few more weeks to endure. ASU Now spoke to Matthew Scotch, an associate professorScotch is also assistant director of the Biodesign Center for Environmental Health Engineering. of biomedical informatics in the College of Health Solutions, to find out why this is the worst flu season in years and how people can protect themselves.

Man in blue hoodie

Matthew Scotch

Question: Why is this year’s flu season hitting people harder than in past years? 

Answer: There are two types of the virus that cause seasonal flu: influenza A and influenza B. Influenza A has two seasonal subtypes: H3N2 and H1N1 (the form of the virus that caused the outbreak in 2009). This year in particular, there has been a dominance of H3N2 influenza A. This virus generally is associated with more severe symptoms. The latest Centers for Disease Control (CDC) data shows that just this past week about 84 percent of the virus tested were influenza A viruses and of the A’s that were subtyped, more than 86 percent were H3N2.

That is just sheer dominance for a very hard-hitting form of the virus. The season also started earlier this year, which doesn’t help. With February starting this week, we are now in the traditional peak time of the season, so the numbers should continue to rise.

Q: What can people do to protect themselves from getting the flu?

A: Getting the vaccine will help, in addition to washing your hands and avoiding people that are already sick. The CDC also recommends that you avoid touching your eyes, nose and mouth. Also try to clean surfaces like work desks and tables.

Q: How effective is the flu shot, and who should get one?

A: The effectiveness varies from year to year mainly because the virus itself rapidly mutates (in particular the H3N2 strain). I haven’t seen any definitive vaccine effectiveness data yet, but a study done during Australia’s flu season indicated that that vaccine was only 10 percent effective against H3N2. Based on historical data, I would be surprised if it was actually that bad. Last year the vaccine was estimated to be 34 percent effective for H3N2 and 42 percent for all A’s and B’s.

Despite these numbers, there are other advantages to getting the flu vaccine. For example, studies have shown that people with the flu shot who still get the flu generally have milder symptoms than those who did not get the vaccine.

The CDC recommends anyone 6 months or older get the vaccine. The vaccine should be received by the end of October. The flu season traditionally ranges from the 40th week (October) to the 20th week (May) of the next calendar year but ramps up after the New Year.

Q: Where can you go to get a flu shot?

A: ASU Health Services will be happy to give you a flu shot. You can also go to your primary-care doctor or even drugstores. 

Top photo: This year's flu season is shaping up to be the worst in years. Virus image courtesy of pixabay.com

Reporter , ASU Now

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