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Undergrad travels around the world to conduct sociocultural research

ASU undergrad participates in global research, wins Pickering Fellowship.
September 8, 2017

ASU senior collects data on water security and fat stigma for pair of projects

ASU senior Monet Niesluchowski gave Phileas Fogg, the protagonist of Jules Verne’s classic adventure novel “Around the World in Eighty Days,” a run for his money this summer when she traveled to Iceland, Guatemala, Cambodia, Tajikistan, New Zealand, Paraguay and the United Kingdom in just under four months.

But unlike Fogg, the purpose of her grand tour wasn’t to settle a bet. It was to collect data for a pair of research projects — one about global perceptions of fat stigma and the other about water security. They might seem like disparate topics, but for the anthropology-political science double major, they both stand to reveal fascinating sociocultural insights.

Niesluchowski (pronounced kind of like Mike Wazowski from “Monsters, Inc.,” she said) — a student in Barrett, the Honors College, and the School of Human Evolution and Social Change — grew up in Arizona but developed an interest in faraway places and peoples at a young age.

Woman and girl standing in front of a bike shop
Monet Niesluchowski with a local girl in Battambang, Cambodia.

“My mom is Iranian, but she left Iran right around the time of the revolution in 1979,” Niesluchowski said. “So I’ve always found her stories really interesting, and I’ve always been really interested in different languages, cultural traditions and governmental systems.”

Niesluchowski had some experience living abroad from when she received the Boren Fellowship to study Farsi and Tajiki in Tajikistan from August 2015 to July 2016. The knowledge she gained then came in handy when she returned to the country this summer.

The work she did related to water security involved managing the data collection of 225 household surveys in Tajikistan in the hopes of developing a scale that can be used to measure water insecurity at several sites throughout the world.

“There’s pretty well-established food-security scales … but there isn’t a well-developed water-security scale just yet,” Niesluchowski said. She plans to use some of the data collected over the summer to develop her senior-year thesis.

The work she did related to fat stigma is part of a series of projects led by linguistic anthropologist and School of Human Evolution and Social Change Associate Professor Cindi SturtzSreetharan that consider the forms and functions of language concerning fat stigma in different cultures (for this, Niesluchowski collected data from Tajikistan, as well as the other six countries she visited over the summer).

Niesluchowski was awarded the Barrett Honors Intercontinental Travel Award to participate in the fat-stigma research but had previously worked on similar projects with Obesity Solutions, an ASU-Mayo partnership geared toward studying and finding solutions for the disease. One study she contributed to, titled “The Fat Self in Virtual Communities,” was published in the academic journal Current Anthropology in 2016.

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A group of women in Encarnacion, Paraguay, respond to the fat-stigma survey.

Being able to participate in meaningful research as an undergraduate has been invaluable for Niesluchowski.

"Getting involved in research as an undergraduate may be the single most important thing a student can do," she said. "Regardless of the field, learning research methods teaches students how to think critically and process complex theories and complex amounts of information.

"Moreover, understanding research methods makes undergraduates more rounded individuals because often science is talked about in the media and is used as a basis for making policy changes. Understanding research and research methods gives individuals a more critical understanding of the world around them."

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A survey respondent and her two daughters in Guatemala.

One of the lessons she learned firsthand was what kind of challenges to expect in the field, and how to overcome them.

In Iceland, Niesluchowski had trouble finding natives to take her survey. She came up with the idea to recruit participants at bus stops, where she was more likely to find locals. And in Cambodia, when the language barrier posed a problem, she found success by putting the survey online.

There were other encouraging moments: Partway through her trip, Niesluchowski got word that she had to fly back to the U.S. for a quick trip to Washington, D.C. — to accept the Pickering Fellowship, a prestigious award from the U.S. Department of State that provides funding for graduate studies and the offer of a position as a foreign service officer upon graduation.

Niesluchowski said she may defer the fellowship but only long enough to pursue a Fulbright English Teaching Assistant Fellowship in Mongolia. She hopes to one day work in public diplomacy as a foreign service officer.

For now, Niesluchowski has her work cut out for her sorting and analyzing all the data she collected, which she’ll be doing over the next two semesters. She's excited to see what the data reveals but cautious about jumping to conclusions.

"Right now, we're just kind of getting into it, so it's hard to say what concrete findings we'll have until we do more in-depth analyses," she said. "As a social-science researcher I have to be careful about keeping things very unbiased. So we’ll see."


Top photo: ASU anthropology-political science double major Monet Niesluchowski poses for a photo in Iceland, where she conducted research over the summer of 2017. All photos courtesy Monet Niesluchowski

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September 12, 2017

Apple’s iPhone 8, 8 Plus and X were announced Tuesday, and amongst their new features are improved sound, upgraded cameras and wireless charging — not to mention the iPhone X's wholly new, all-screen look and Face ID. 

These improvements in sight, sound and application practically guarantee to make our addiction to smartphones even stronger.

Ashraf Gaffar, a professor in Arizona State University's SchoolThe school is part of the Ira A. Fulton Schools of Engineering. of Computing, Informatics, and Decision Systems Engineering, researches artificial intelligence, human-centered design and complex software development. He recently gave ASU Now his expert take on the new technology and our continuing fascination with the rock-star device.

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Ashraf Gaffar

Question: People can’t seem to live without their smartphones. How could a simple gadget end up penetrating our lives so deeply?

Answer: Smartphones quickly evolved into an all-in-one companion that fulfills many of our daily needs while being easy to use, lightweight and immediately available. As if the idea of having a cellphone was not good enough (and it was), adding a camera made it much more appealing. However, the true love came with SMS, Wi-Fi and internet connectivity, followed by an amazing number of apps, and the features keep growing.

Q: From a computing engineering standpoint, how have the engineers made this device so addicting?

A: Smartphones today have more computing power than NASA's computers who sent us to the moon in the 1960s. It is an engineering miracle to be able to add such computing power in a lightweight, battery-operated, pocket-sized device that can handle advanced computing and communication tasks never thought of before. While these features did not appear overnight, the global acceptance and the exponential widespread of smartphones motivated computing engineers to do what was unthinkable just a decade ago.

Q: What are some of the new features of the new iPhones that will be more attractive than ever?

A: Apple has always impressed everyone with their leadership in delivering amazing smartphones that exceed our expectations. On the surface, iPhone 8 is a major step forward in addressing users' pain points that we never thought would be solved. Better charging methods will really make users happier. Dropping your iPhone will not be a major frustration anymore (the new models are made of aluminum and are water-resistant). New features like better camera, augmented reality and intelligent machine vision are new features that we didn't even think we could see them on a smartphone.

The real achievement is how they increased the computing power even more to accommodate such advanced features. Apple definitely seems to know how to raise the bar of excellence.

Q: What advice would you give to people who spend hours a day using their device? 

A: I always tell smartphone users and my students to remember that it is a great companion, but it remains just a companion. Don’t let it overtake your life. You still need to go out with friends, not just text them. You still need to have dinner with your family, go for an outdoor picnic or a trip and — once in a while — try to live without your smartphone for a day. You will really appreciate things around you that you did not notice before.

Q: Looking at its amazing growth, what would be the ultimate smartphone of the future?

A: While we probably ask this question a lot, it's really hard to tell the long-term future of smartphones. We can already predict more computing power, longer battery life, better and cheaper connectivity, better cameras and ever smarter apps. These are all engineering challenges that will be improved, but will not define the "future" smartphone. In my opinion, the future will be defined when we get there for the simple reason that some more "disruptive" technologies will appear — like Facebook and Twitter did — that will change our lives into a new direction. The beauty of it is that it remains unknown until we stumble on it. So while we know more futuristic disruption are coming our way, we cannot predict them with our today's knowledge.


Top photo: iPhone 8 and iPhone 8 Plus are precision‑engineered to resist water and dust. Photo courtesy of Apple