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Essential reading: ASU faculty, staff recommend books that students should check out in college

May 16, 2017

“It is what you read when you don’t have to that determines what you will be when you can’t help it,” wrote the playwright, novelist, essayist, humorist and poet Oscar Wilde.

Here’s the Ira A. Fulton Schools of Engineering's sixth annual feature in which a group of faculty and staff recommends books that students probably won’t have to read in college, but should anyway.

They’ve been asked to select books that offer lessons for navigating one’s way through college and careers. Or, if not that exactly, then books that offer valuable insights into important and compelling subjects, or that simply provide edifying and entertaining diversion from the rigors of schoolwork.

Through the years, they’ve chosen fiction, fantasy, history and how-to guides — books that examine the past to illuminate the present or imagine the future to provide signposts for mapping one’s path in life. And sometimes, stuff that’s just for fun.

That range of choices is once again reflected in this compilation of reading recommendations — so take advantage of your summer time off and pick up a book or too.

 

“Leadership: Building Highly Effective Teams” by Michael Nir

“The Fourth Industrial Revolution” by Klaus Schwab 

Recommended by Gail-Joon Ahn, professor of computer science and engineering, School of Computing, Informatics, and Decision Systems Engineering

 

“The Fourth Industrial Revolution” elaborates on an overview of the world’s previous industrial revolutions and highlights the advances in technology that have sparked major societal change and created opportunities. It’s necessary for engineers and scientists to understand where we are heading and what kinds of critical challenges we are facing in our fields. This compact book clearly examines such topics. It can help engineering students grasp emerging challenges and be better prepared for what the future could bring.

“Leadership: Building Highly Effective Teams” introduces the core elements necessary to build cohesive and productive teams of professionals and describes the challenges of putting all those elements into practice. Collaboration and teamwork are critical to engineering and science. This book guides you in how to best ensure that teams achieve their objectives and make vital contributions to the missions of their organizations. Readers will learn what factors should be considered when building a team and how to set the stage for successful teamwork.

 

Professor Portrait

“Mama Day,” by Gloria Naylor

Recommended by Terry Alford, professor and associate director, School for Engineering of Matter, Transport and Energy.

 

“Mama Day” is an incredible story depicting the reverence for one’s history and the fascination with mystical elements of that history. The book blends many of the challenges for modern young adults — new relationships, reconciling logic and faith, anticipating the future, and surviving daily struggles – into a tale of two worlds that are polar opposites in voice and in character. One of those worlds is Willow Springs, a pseudo-isolated, pseudo-homogeneous world because it is a barrier island in the American South and its only residents are the heirs of slaves. The other world is the energetic and heterogeneous world of New York City. But this world can be callous in its handling of one’s existence and personal relationships. The great aspect of this work is that it demonstrates how reconciliation is the common thread between different worlds, between judgment and conviction, between lore and fact, and finally between one’s past and one’s future.

 

 

Professor Portrait

“Designing Your Life: How to Build a Well-Lived, Joyful Life" by Bill Burnett and Dave Evans

Recommended by Casey Ankeny, lecturer, School of Biological and Health Systems Engineering

 

Did you know that only 20 percent of job openings are listed on the internet, or that applying to job openings posted online works only 5 percent of the time? If you are interested in learning techniques to get your dream job, given these statistics, read Burnett’s and Evan’s book. Along the way, you will learn so much more. You will learn how to design your life, starting with figuring out who you are, and what you believe — and making sure these things align with what you are doing. The authors are Silicon Valley innovators and acclaimed design educators at Stanford University who take the evidence-based practices of design that engineering students frequently use and apply those practices to the challenge of designing the best life possible. 

 

Professor Portrait

“Outliers: The Story of Success” by Malcom Gladwell

Recommended by Samuel T. Ariaratnam, professor and Construction Engineering Program Chair, School of Sustainable Engineering and the Built Environment

 

As you get ready to graduate and enter the “real” world, it is important to understand what makes certain individuals excel in life more than others. In this book, Gladwell provides insights into why some people are more successful by looking at their family upbringing, birthplace, birth date and other factors.  (Incidentally, I grew up in the same hometown as Gladwell and our parents have been close friends for decades.)  His premise is that we pay way too much attention to what successful people are like and not enough attention to where they come from. Gladwell describes outliers as “those people whose achievements fall outside normal experience and follow a peculiar and unexpected logic.” He uses fascinating case studies to support his theories. In one example, he studied professional ice hockey players and discovered that 40 percent of the “best of the best” were born between January and March, 30 percent between April and June, 20 percent between July and September, and only 10 percent between October and December. Similar findings were revealed when looking at the birth months of a sample of professional soccer players. Gladwell concludes that people born in the first quarter of a given birth year have a definite advantage in sports. The burning question is whether this translates to other life experiences. Overall, “Outliers” is an intriguing book that offers other tidbits of facts revealed through attempts to better understand why some people excel more than others.

 

Professor Portrait

“Our Stolen Future" by Theo Coburn, Dianne  Dumanoski and John Peterson Myers

Recommended by Otakuye Conroy-Ben, assistant professor, School of Sustainable Engineering and the Built Environment

 

In this book, the authors present the scientific evidence from which the field of environmental endocrine disruption emerged. Briefly, endocrine disruption occurs when a hormone or hormone mimic interrupts a biochemical signaling pathway. The pollutants are called endocrine disrupting chemicals (EDCs), and are found in plastics, pesticides and in wastewater-impacted water. EDCs are responsible for feminization of fish, and there is speculation they also contribute to the elevation of hormone-dependent cancers and reduced sperm quality in humans. The synthetic estrogen diethylstilbestrol (DES), prescribed to women from the 1940s through the 1970s to treat morning sickness, was found to induce birth defects and miscarriages. It has since been discontinued as a pregnancy drug. I recommend this book to anyone who wants to learn more about how chemicals impact the environment and the health of humans and animals. It’s written by a research team for the nonscientific audience. You will go away with an appreciation of biology, and question the use of anthropogenic chemicals in consumer products.

 

Professor Portrait

“Who Moved My Cheese?” by Spencer Johnson

Recommended by Mia Kroeger, assistant director of academic services, School for Engineering of Matter, Transport and Energy

 

The message in this short, sweet and simple book makes it a great read for people in many different stages of life. It presents the story of two mice and two humans on a search for cheese. You’ll see how they find cheese, what happens when they find cheese and, subsequently, how they react when all the cheese is gone! The premise of the story relates to coping with change — how people react differently to change and the many variables that can determine how they react. At different times in our lives this book can have different meanings and impact us differently, but it always provides a good reminder that change is constantly happening around us and that how we choose to adapt to change determines what lies ahead.

 

Professor Portrait

“Guaranteed 4.0 Learning System” by Donna O. Johnson

Recommended by Jeremi London, assistant professor of engineering and manufacturing engineering, The Polytechnic School

 

This book provides a comprehensive approach to studying that can help you excel in your academic studies. It gives you insights on how to balance the busy schedule that comes with being in college. There’s guidance on how to read and retain course materials, ace your homework and exams, get the most out of class time, and make the most of the time in office hours with your teachers. The book is most useful for undergraduate students, but the principles can also be applied to graduate students (and a recent version focuses on high school students as well.) Read more about it on the Guaranteed 4.0 Learning Systems website.

 

Professor Portrait

“The Hero with a Thousand Faces" by Joseph Campbell

Recommended by Michael McBride, director of student recruitment, Engineering Student Outreach and Retention Program

 

Building on the work of anthropology and psychology (particularly that of Carl Jung), Joseph Campbell researched the history of stories, myth, religion and culture worldwide and found a common “monomyth,” which he identified as the “hero’s journey.” That journey involves a hero leaving day-to-day life and entering an unknown world. Then “forces are encountered and a victory is won, the hero comes back from the adventure with newly found power to give back to fellow man.” I suspect engineering students will identify with this kind of journey! Campbell’s hero story structure can be seen throughout cultural history. It’s reflected in the classic stories of such figures as Osiris, Prometheus, Buddha, Mohammed and Jesus, as well as in popular modern cinema such as the “Star Wars” series and “The Matrix.”

 

“All the President's Men” by Carl Bernstein and Bob Woodward

Recommended by Brad Rogers, associate professor and Graduate Program Chair, Systems Engineering and the Master of Science in Engineering programs, The Polytechnic School

 

The Watergate scandal occurred 45 years ago and memories of the extent of the misconduct by President Richard Nixon’s administration are fading into abstractions as generations pass, but the lessons learned by those who lived through this time are fundamentally relevant in today’s political environment. The book tells the story of the free press discovering and unmasking a criminal enterprise operating out of the President’s office and being carried out by some of the most powerful people in the world. It is the story of strong institutions in all three branches of the federal government and the ultimate failure of Nixon and his accomplices to compromise the integrity of these institutions. And it is the story of people of vastly different political viewpoints coalescing around fundamental moral principles and holding the President accountable. If Watergate occurred today, would our institutions be similarly as strong? Would it still be possible for politicians to cross ideological boundaries and make very difficult and unpopular decisions for the good of the nation? What other lessons can the legacy of Watergate teach us today? 

Joe Kullman

Science writer , Ira A. Fulton Schools of Engineering

480-965-8122

 
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Got some summer reading time? Check out these book recommendations.
May 11, 2016

ASU engineering faculty, staff recommend books that entertain, enlighten and inspire

Need inspiration? Encouragement? Guidance on navigating life’s challenges?

Just looking for something fun and escapist to provide a respite from the daily grind?

Or a compelling story to engage your heart and mind?

Here’s our fifth annual “Essential reading” feature in which members of the faculty and staff of the Ira A. Fulton Schools of Engineering recommend books to students to fulfill any of those needs.

 

portrait of ASU professor Emma Frow

“The Spirit Catches You and You Fall Down: A Hmong Child, Her American Doctors, and the Collision of Two Cultures,” by Anne Fadiman

“The Circle,” by Dave Eggers

Recommended by Emma Frow, assistant professor, School of Biological and Health Systems Engineering and the School for the Future of Innovation in Society

“The spirit catches you and you fall down” is a phrase used by the Hmong culture to describe epilepsy. Epileptic individuals often take on spiritual and healing roles in Hmong society, in part because they are thought to have privileged access to the sacred realm. In contrast, Western medicine views epilepsy as a neurological condition that needs to be brought under control. Anne Fadiman’s book is a nonfiction account of the clash between a small hospital in California and an immigrant Hmong family over how to best care for their severely epileptic infant daughter. This is a detailed and beautifully crafted text that takes us into the hearts and minds of the Lee family and their doctors, sharing a tragic story of deep cultural miscommunication in a sensitive and balanced way. 
This might seem like an odd book to recommend to engineers, but there are powerful lessons to be drawn from Fadiman’s work. It’s all too easy to think that the users of the technologies we design think just like us and share the same values we do. Fadiman’s book shows us just how wrong that assumption can be at times. She points to the critical importance of deep engagement with the worldviews of those who we claim to be designing for — in medicine as well as across engineering disciplines.

“The Circle” is an easy but provocative summer read. It follows the life of Mae Holland, a recent graduate who can’t believe her luck when she lands a job at the Circle, a successful internet company in Silicon Valley. The company is developing cutting-edge technologies intended to promote information sharing and make societies more transparent. Sounds cool, right? But can you have too much of a good thing? As we follow Mae’s increasingly public life through this gripping novel, Eggers grapples with serious questions about privacy, democracy and the control of information in society.

 

portrait of ASU professor Ganesh Tirupalavanam

“The Singing Bones,” by Shaun Tan

“Applied Minds: How Engineers Think,” by Guru Madhavan

Recommended by Tirupalavanam Ganesh, assistant dean of Engineering Education and associate research professor, School for Engineering of Matter, Transport and Energy

Ever wonder what made the fairy tales of your childhood fascinating? Fairy tales repeatedly illustrate how humans use their profound imagination to make sense of an often improbably challenging world. They offer instances of human ingenuity in creating narratives that resist the world’s difficulties. Shaun Tan takes a unique approach to reinterpret the tales collected and written by Wilhelm and Jacob Grimm. He created small-scale sculptures using papier-mâché and a fast-drying clay that children are partial to, as they explore making objects from their imaginations. These sculptures are somehow curious, unique and mysterious in how well they seize the core of the fairy tales they represent. Tan photographed his sculptures to create “The Singing Bones.” He is no stranger to adopting new genres of communication dealing with the challenge of “how to represent things that are hard to represent.” I first discovered Tan’s work 10 years ago with his wordless and exceptionally insightful work, “The Arrival.” Since then, I have experienced each of his books. Escape into the magical yet terrifying world of the Brothers Grimm’s tales through Tan’s interpretive lens. It will be an experience that inspires and challenges you.

Written by an engineer, “Applied Minds” is about how engineers “convert feelings into finished products.” How do engineers see structure when there is none and everything is seemingly chaotic? Engineering is obscure to the outside world of non-engineers, and much of what engineers do is often taken for granted. Madhavan uses case studies to demonstrate the ways engineers use prototyping, feedback, reliability, standards, efficiency and optimization in distinct areas such as entertainment, health care and transportation. What does the Seven Years’ War that started in 1756 in Europe and involved almost every great power of the time have to do with how engineers think and practice their profession today? As an engineer in training, you are entering a profession of heroes. Read “Applied Minds” to learn about the practice of engineering and the mind-set that gives you your hero powers. Madhavan refers to engineers as “propellers of economies, designers of our material destinies ... and subliminal brokers who facilitate our experiences with the world.” He helps engineers make the familiar strange, and he inspires us to think critically about our world, and to adopt different ways of seeing things that can turn us into motivated and ingenious problem-solvers.

 

portrait of ASU professor Sandeep Gupta

“The Fifth Discipline: The Art & Practice of the Learning Organization,” by Peter M. Senge

Recommended by Sandeep Gupta, professor and computer engineering graduate program chair, School of Computing, Informatics, and Decision Systems Engineering

Quoting basketball superstar Michael Jordan: “Talent wins games, but teamwork and intelligence win championships.” As a college student, your success depends mostly on your hard work and creativity as an individual. In your career, success will increasingly depend on how well you perform on a team and how well your teams perform together. In the future, you will likely be part of many teams working to solve the big problems of our times. Successful teamwork is so important in the quest for visionary technological advancements that Google has spent millions of dollars researching why some teams of highly qualified and creative individuals work wonders, while others fail miserably. The researchers will tell you it’s not an easy nut to crack. Fortunately, you can learn some of the tried and true keys to highly successful teams — or companies — by reading Peter Senge’s “The Fifth Discipline.” The book provides a holistic perspective on what kinds of teams have the best chance to succeed, and, more importantly, how to engineer such a team. The recipe consists of four fundamental disciplines: personal mastery, mental models, shared vision and team learning woven together with the fifth discipline: systems thinking. As Steve Jobs said, “Creativity is just connecting things.” In “The Fifth Discipline” you will get insight into how creative teams — called “Learning Organizations” in this book — can be created by “connecting” or aligning the five fundamental disciplines.

 

portrait of ASU professor Jeremy Helm

“The 7 Habits of Highly Effective People: Powerful Lessons in Personal Change,” by Stephen R. Covey

“A Short History of Nearly Everything,” by Bill Bryson

Recommended by Jeremy Helm, director, Academic Administration & Student Success

“The 7 Habits” is a timeless classic that is just as meaningful now as when it was first published in 1989. This is a great book that contains words of wisdom applicable to students, professors, parents and CEOs alike. As Jim Collins (author of the management book “Good to Great”) writes in the foreword to the 25th-anniversary edition of “The 7 Habits”: “Covey created a standard operating system — the ‘Windows’ — for personal effectiveness, and he made it easy to use.” The principles covered in the book can serve to improve your effectiveness not only as a student, but also in your personal and professional lives.

I was first introduced to Bill Bryson’s writing when an Australian friend gave me a witty book authored by Bryson titled “Down Under: Travels From a Sunburned Country.” The book, a humorous travel guide, resonated with me because I often found myself in humorous situations while travelling in Japan during 14 months I spent there working with the Japan Exchange and Teaching Programme. Bryson takes the same humorous approach with his popular science book, “A Short History of Nearly Everything.” Taking inspiration from great science writers such as Timothy Ferris and Richard Feynman, Bryson devoted three years to researching the answers to what he calls “a lot of outstandingly dumb questions” such as “How do we know how much the Earth weighs?” and “How do we know what goes on inside an atom?” For a break from your advanced physics studies, I recommend this book for an entertaining yet informative look at the history of science and discovery.

 

portrait of ASU professor Mark Henderson

“Quiet: The Power of Introverts in a World That Can’t Stop Talking,” by Susan Cain

Recommended by Mark Henderson, professor, the Polytechnic School

I believe the majority of engineers (and engineering students) can be classified as introverts, and the reason I think that is because many are more interested and comfortable with things than with other people. You know the infamous joke about how you can identify an extroverted engineer? They look at your shoes rather than theirs. Ha ha. I am an introvert, and introverts are typically maligned in society by people who encourage us to get up and be extroverts, because extroverts like company. We feel compelled to comply because extroverts are beloved by society for their energy and outgoing nature. Susan Cain presents an overview of the introvert personality (she is one, also). She shows how you can predict if babies are introverts or extroverts: If infants hear a loud noise, are the introverts the ones who respond by making noise, or the ones who are quiet? The answer is probably not what you expect. The author goes on to explain the value of being an introvert in this world, tells how to survive and thrive as an introvert, and reveals some of the introverts among famous figures of history. After I finished the book, I was not only OK with being an introvert, I was proud of it.

 

portrait of ASU professor Sandra Houston

“Scarpetta,” by Patricia Cornwell

“Dreaming of the Bones,” by Deborah Crombie

Recommended by Sandra Houston, professor, School of Sustainable Engineering and the Built Environment

To take your mind off the rigors of engineering for a while, I’ve always liked the “whodunit?” stories — they’re just fun. There are two mystery book series I especially like, Deborah Crombie’s Duncan Kincaid/Gemma Jones mysteries (Scotland Yard-type mysteries) and Patricia Cornwell’s Scarpetta series. Crombie’s “Dreaming of the Bones” was the first of these I read. It was great entertainment and brought me back for more. Among Cornwell’s most popular books, I recommend the one simply titled “Scarpetta.” Maybe I like these books because the characters carry over from book to book, so you sort of get to know the players. Or maybe it’s because of the strong female lead characters. If that makes me sound like a feminist, that’s OK, because I am.

 

portrait of ASU professor Lina Karam

“Getting to Yes: Negotiating Agreement Without Giving In,” by Roger Fisher, William L. Ury and Bruce Patton

Recommended by Lina Karam, professor, School of Electrical, Computer and Energy Engineering

Throughout your life, whether in school, college, work or home, we have to deal with various people (classmates, teammates, teachers, parents, siblings, clients, managers, friends, spouses) who have different personalities, beliefs and interests. “Getting to Yes” offers an effective method for productively communicating with different kinds of people in various situations, and to negotiate agreements and resolve disputes in ways that are favorable to all parties involved. The method is designed to help strengthen relationships and avoid creating more conflicts and misunderstandings in the future. The authors provide advice that can help you in everything from business ventures and personal friendships to relationships between teachers and students, and between managers and employees. In short, the book offers lessons on how to lead a less stressful and more successful life.

 

portrait of ASU professor Rick Martorano

“The Man Who Walked Through Time,” by Colin Fletcher

Recommended by Rick Martorano, director, Engineering Technical Services

For those of us obsessed with the Grand Canyon, Colin Fletcher is the man who truly “walked through time” by trekking the length of Grand Canyon National Park in 1963 at age 41. In this classic book of nature writing, every step down a Canyon trail that Fletcher takes brings you thousands of years into the past. His observations about the joys of backpacking and his realization that life can begin again at 41 led me to reinvent myself at age 40. His tales of the lonely places ignited my interest in hiking, and on my 40th birthday I followed his path below the Canyon’s South Rim, down the trails in search of the places Fletcher described. His two-month-long hike — often bushwhacking where no trails existed — brought him to places far from the beaten path, and into some dangerous situations. The journey gave him insights into geology, the human condition and his own life, and he gives readers an inspiring introduction to the Grand Canyon’s beauty. Reading his story can be a life-changing experience. More than 25 years later, at age 67, Fletcher solo hiked and rafted the length of the Colorado River, documenting the trip in another book, “River: One Man’s Journey Down the Colorado, Source to Sea.”

 

portrait of ASU professor Ann McKenna

“Hug,” by Jez Alborough

Recommended by Ann McKenna, professor and director of the Polytechnic School

For those of you who have young children I recommend this book, which has a total of three words but images that tell a wonderful story. The main character is sadly wandering through the jungle searching for a “hug” as he encounters many pairs of animals that have what he seeks. A friendly elephant helps him, while the others follow along, and after much searching he expresses frustration. Through that expression he ultimately finds what he is looking for, and he is reunited with a hug. The main character expresses thanks to the elephant, and all the animals gather to celebrate, with hugs all around. This is one of my favorites because it makes me smile every time I “read” it. At its core is a story of different individuals (represented in this case by animals) who form a community that helps someone in need. They demonstrate empathy and care, and collectively celebrate with genuine mutual joy in the end. I have been fortunate to become aware of many great children’s books like this one because my mother-in-law was a former elementary school librarian, and books were a frequent gift to my kids. I’m not totally sure, but I think my kids liked this book as much as I did.

 

portrait of ASU professor Daniel Rivera

“The Templeton Plan: 21 Steps to Personal Success and Real Happiness,” by Sir John M. Templeton, as described to James Ellison

“The Chip: How Two Americans Invented the Microchip and Launched a Revolution,” by T.R. Reid

Recommended by Daniel E. Rivera, professor, School for Engineering for Matter, Transport and Energy

The late John Marks Templeton was a highly successful investor and founder of the Templeton mutual funds, a multibillion-dollar company built from an initial $10,000 in borrowed money. His narrated book describes in an engaging and accessible manner some practical, sensible steps to which Templeton attributes his success — in business and in his personal life — starting from his days as a boy in Tennessee to his many years in the business world. The book provides essential material for students and young professionals wishing to make a mark in society. There is multifaceted advice on a wide range of topics (for example, attitude towards work, facing challenges and failure, time management, relating to people). While some advice can be hard to swallow (watching too much television as a barrier to success), overall I have found this book to be thoughtful and extremely valuable.

“The Chip” is a fascinating account of the invention of the integrated circuit, which was independently developed by Jack Kilby (at Texas Instruments) and Robert Noyce (at Fairchild Semiconductor; he would later be one of the co-founders of Intel Corporation). T.R. Reid is a journalist who does a fantastic job at describing the personalities of two very different individuals whose contributions played a major role in the rise of the semiconductor industry. The book is also an engaging account of the history of the semiconductor industry as a whole. This is a worthwhile read for students and recent graduates that provides some interesting perspectives on technical accomplishment, and illustrates that there can be many paths to career success.

 

And if you don’t find everything you’re looking for on this list, check out book recommendations from past years:

Essential reading 2015

Essential reading 2014

Essential reading 2013

Essential reading 2012

 

 

Joe Kullman

Science writer, Ira A. Fulton Schools of Engineering

480-965-8122