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ASU to showcase NASA digital learning project at national conference

Infiniscope uses both NASA data, subject-matter experts for adaptive learning.
Pluto (above) is one of small worlds that can be searched for in Infiniscope.
March 21, 2017

Infiniscope makes NASA science content accessible, interactive for all ages

Less than a year ago, Arizona State University received a $10.18 million grant from NASA’s Science Mission Directorate Education Community to develop next-generation digital learning experiences that incorporate NASA science content. The first component of this project, now titled “Infiniscope,” will be showcased at this week’s Lunar and Planetary Science Conference (LPSC) in Texas.

“Infiniscope provides a virtual space to connect users with cutting-edge space exploration experiences that inspire curiosity, excitement, engagement and confidence,” said Lindy Elkins-Tanton, director of ASU’s School of Earth and Space Exploration and Infiniscope principal investigator.

The first major Infiniscope activity, titled “Where are the small worlds?” will be featured throughout the week at LPSC. This interactive activity is a simulated exploration of the solar system in search of asteroids and other objects. Participants can use the online experience to collect data on small worlds, observe the motion of different worlds to determine their location in the solar system, and launch probes to discover “astrocaches” hidden throughout the solar system.

The key features of Infiniscope activities such as “Where are the small worlds?” are that they use both NASA data and subject-matter experts for adaptive learning. The activities provide not only feedback, but also pathways to meet the needs of individual learners.

“Infiniscope makes the vastness of space and space exploration inviting, accessible and interactive for educators and learners of all ages,” said deputy principal investigator Ariel Anbar. “It is the embodiment of education through exploration.”

Not just another internet portal, Infiniscope is part of the Inspark Science Network, a digital platform that empowers a global community of educators to collaborate, create, customize and share next-generation exploratory activities. The Inspark Science Network is a joint initiative of ASU’s Center for Education Through eXploration (ETX) and adaptive learning pioneer Smart Sparrow, to promote active learning and teaching science through exploration.

Middle-school student
Middle-school student engaged in exploring the solar system in their classroom using the Infiniscope “Where are the small worlds?” activity.

The Network was launched in 2015, with support from the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, to create new digital courseware that incorporates online simulations, virtual field trips and adaptive learning analytics to help students who typically fail science courses succeed.

“The aim of Infiniscope is to help learners become problem-solvers capable of exploring the unknown, rather than just mastering what is already known,” said Anbar. “It is learning science as process and as a universe of questions rather than as a dusty collection of facts.”

The ASU team is also led by co-investigators Steven Semken and Sheri Klug Boonstra as well as ASU professor of practice and Smart Sparrow CEO Dror Ben-Naim. Other co-investigators include the School of Earth and Space Exploration's Erik Asphaug, Jim Bell, Philip Christensen, Scott Parazynski, Meenakshi Wadhwa, Sara Imari Walker, David Williams and Patrick Young.

Together with Smart Sparrow, this team will continue to develop personalized and adaptive learning experiences centered on astrobiology and “small bodies” such as asteroids and Saturn’s moon Enceladus. These are specific areas of expertise among the NASA subject-matter experts on the ASU team. 

In the near term, the focus of Infiniscope is on independent self-learners of science. In the longer term, the team seeks to expand Infiniscope to formal and informal K–12 education.

NASA's Science Mission Directorate Education Community vision is to share the story, the science, and the adventure of NASA's scientific explorations of our home planet, the solar system and the universe beyond, through stimulating and informative activities and experiences created by experts, delivered effectively and efficiently to learners of many backgrounds via proven conduits, thus providing a direct return on the public's investment in NASA's scientific research.


Top photo: NASA’s New Horizon’s flyby image of Pluto, an example of one of the small worlds that can be searched for in the Infiniscope “Where are the small worlds” star field. Credit: NASA/Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory/Southwest Research Institute

Karin Valentine

Media Relations & Marketing manager , School of Earth and Space Exploration


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Former Homeland Security chief speaks at ASU privacy-security forum

Michael Chertoff at ASU: Security and privacy are two sides of the same coin.
March 21, 2017

Michael Chertoff emphasized the importance of striking balance between privacy, security in an increasingly interconnected world

Cybersecurity infiltrations and terrorist attacks have filled the headlines in recent months. These issues pose a significant threat to U.S. national security and are likely to increase in the coming decade. Current efforts to protect against these threats can increase vulnerabilities and lead to invasions of privacy.

How much of our privacy must be sacrificed to achieve real security?

Former U.S. Secretary of Homeland Security Michael Chertoff and leaders from industry and academia met in an open forum Monday at Arizona State University to discuss this topic. The event, “Unlocking the Privacy-Security Debate,” was hosted jointly by the Sandra Day O’Connor College of Law and the Global Security Initiative at the Beus Center for Law and Society.

To Chertoff (pictured above), the goals of privacy and security are not mutually exclusive.

“I think security and privacy are not only better together, I think they have to be together,” he said. “They are two sides of the same coin.”

Cybersecurity breaches are in the news nearly every day, and the discussion tends to confuse these concepts by treating privacy and security as a zero-sum game, Chertoff said.

“All of this warrants a cool appraisal of where we are and where we need to be.”

Chertoff served as the second secretary of the U.S. Department of Homeland Security from 2005 to 2009. Previously, he worked as a federal judge on the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Third Circuit. Today, he is chairman and co-founder of the Chertoff Group, providing strategic counsel on global security solutions.

Chertoff took a measured view on government surveillance at the ASU forum, allowing that the intelligence community has a responsibility to disclose vulnerabilities that affect the general public, even if they may be exploited against our enemies. However, when it comes to metadata — the equivalent of telephone records — the secretary took a much more nuanced view.

“Surveillance should be viewed as a continuum,” he said Monday, making a distinction between the different phases of the intelligence process: collection, inspection, analysis and dissemination. According to Chertoff, often with metadata the significance is only evident in hindsight, and if that data has been collected and stored, it can be referenced to connect individual terrorists within networks.

Although when thinking about privacy we tend to picture government surveillance, “it’s amazing how much of our personal data is out there, not just from the government but the private sector — the volume is growing exponentially,” Chertoff said.

He also touched on other concerns that arise in our technologically enabled modern world. For instance, we may enjoy a discount from our health insurance provider when we share data from a fitness tracker. However, Chertoff warned that discounts for one person could mean penalties for another, and a future where we have “Big Mother” making sure we get enough exercise and eat our vegetables is far from unimaginable. This describes a violation of autonomy, our ability to make decisions freely, he said.

Privacy violations can be even more immediately dire when Wi-Fi-enabled pacemakers and self-driving cars are considered. These types of devices make up the Internet of Things, which could more aptly be called the “Internet of Everything,” according to Michelle Dennedy, vice president and chief privacy officer of tech conglomerate Cisco who also spoke at the event.

What can be done? How to do we solve this complex problem?

According to Ann Cavoukian, executive director of the Privacy and Big Data Institute at Ryerson University, we need to go back to square one. Privacy should be the default setting, embedded into the design. “Reject the notion that you are in the post-privacy era,” she insisted.

Jamie Winterton, director of Strategic Research Initiatives at GSI, echoed this solution, saying, “You don’t have to sacrifice your privacy to be secure.” Winterton suggested working with tech experts from the university as well as strategic partners to create technologies that preserve privacy, but not at the expense of security.

Ultimately, however, we are all responsible for our own individual privacy and security.

“It’s not a government function to protect you — you have to protect yourselves,” Chertoff said.

To watch Chertoff's entire talk, click here.


Top photo: Former Secretary of Homeland Security Michael Chertoff speaks Monday at the "Unlocking the Privacy-Security Debate" event at the Beus Center for Law and Society on ASU's Downtown Phoenix campus. He discussed a nuanced approach for both privacy and security, with privacy paramount, but the need to access metadata to draw possible connections to prevent terrorist acts. Photo by Charlie Leight/ASU Now

Communications coordinator , ASU Media Relations