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International love lessons

Many nations celebrate Valentine's just like US — but Ghana renamed it.
International students spread love in their home languages, discuss Valentine's.
February 13, 2017

ASU students share how Valentine's Day is celebrated in their home nations — many do, many don't, Ghana calls it 'Chocolate Day'

Valentine’s Day looked very different in Ancient Rome. The day of flowers and teddy bears has origins in the feast of Lupercalia, which involved heavy drinking, animal sacrifices and whipping young women with leather — it was said to improve fertility.

Today, of course, we’ve done away with ritualized beatings and sacrifices, and the holiday has found popularity in different corners of the world.

Here’s a look:

WALES: A traditional romantic Welsh gift is a love spoon, an intricately carved symbolic tokens of affection. Men don’t carve them much anymore — they buy them.

SOUTH KOREA: In South Korea it’s the women who woo their men with chocolates, candies and flowers in a Sadie Hawkins-style celebration. Men reciprocate on March 14. April 14, meanwhile, is reserved for the single to lament their status, as they eat bowls of black bean paste noodles, called jajangmyeon.

GHANA: For a sweeter tradition, Ghana recently renamed their Feb. 14 “Chocolate Day” to commemorate the country’s former status of the largest cocoa producer in Africa. International Leadership in Education Program (ILEP) student at Mary Lou Fulton Teachers College Patricia Benuyenah said the name change helps the country to focus the celebration on love and chocolate and not the overly amorous intentions of the youth.

“In my country people use that day to really express their love by giving gifts to people, not only those that are very close to them. Some people take the opportunity to visit homes of the aged and elderly to give them gifts.”

BRAZIL: In South America, Brazilians have their Dia dos Namorados on June 13 as February can hold no larger celebration than Carnaval.

“We don’t celebrate on the same days as the other countries,” said ILEP student Rosemburg Holz. “This is a month we don’t have other celebrations, so it’s good for the commerce in Brazil.”

It’s St. Anthony of Padua Day, patron saint of happy and prosperous marriages, and its reserved for boyfriends and girlfriends unlike other countries.

BULGARIA: In Bulgaria, the day is up for debate according to Humphrey Fellow at the Walter Cronkite School of Journalism and Bulgarian journalist Ivaylo Vezenkov. While the day is celebrated with hearts and bears like the U.S., he points out that much of the country sees the holiday as a foreign introduction.

“When you open Facebook on Feb. 14, you see discussions going everywhere about ‘should we actually celebrate this foreign holiday or not?’ But people do it anyway,” Vezenkov said.

NO THANKS: Not every country celebrates, or at least Valentine’s Day is something done privately by overly romantic youth, according to students from Indonesia, Malaysia, Morocco and Tanzania.

“I believe that every breath that comes in and out is love, and so I’m obliged to love every day. I have to love every day, so I don’t need to wait for Valentine’s Day for love,” said ILEP student Grace Mabula of Tanzania who doesn’t celebrate the day because of her religious beliefs.

For Mohamed Bataoui of Morocco he says the majority of the country does not celebrate, though there is a small percentage of young people who might choose to celebrate privately, but they are in the minority.

“I have never, ever celebrated Valentine’s, and I will never,” Bataoui said. “First of all Valentine’s is not a part of my culture, not a part of my religion, at all. It’s something we imported from the West. … We do not celebrate it.”

“I do believe that love doesn’t need to be celebrated once in a year, so I do believe there are many, many ways you can celebrate the Valentine’s Day in your own specific ways that fit your cultural and religious teachings.”

By Deanna Dent and Ken Fagan/ASU Now

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5 things we ❤ about space at ASU

February 13, 2017

ASU is rapidly becoming known for its out-of-this-world endeavors. From Psyche to CubeSat. From Mars to the moon. Here, in honor of Valentine’s Day, are five things we (heart) about space: 

1. It's the future

“The yearning for space is a deep human imperative. This drive to explore away from our planet greatly pre-dates the invention of any means to actually do it. Around 100 B.C. Cicero wrote of a dreaming of flying away from the Earth, into space, and looking back at our planet. So to me, space is where we are going, and it is a goal for a better humanity, and a symbol for a positive future.” — Lindy Elkins-Tanton, planetary scientist, director of the School of Earth and Space Exploration, and principal investigator of the NASA Psyche Mission.

Launching in October 2023, the Psyche spacecraft will travel to a metal asteroid using solar-electric propulsion, arriving in 2030, following an Earth gravity assist spacecraft maneuver in 2024 and a Mars flyby in 2025. After a six-year cruise, the mission plan calls for 20 months spent in orbit around the asteroid, mapping it and studying its properties.

2. It's not always a one-way street

Usually we launch things into space, but occasionally space sends things to us.

ASU’s Center for Meteorite Studies is home to the world's largest university-based meteorite collection, with more than 30,000 individual specimens representing more than 2,000 distinct meteorites.

Center curator Laurence Garvie helped add to the collection last summer by leading an expedition into the White Mountains to hunt down a meteor, which fell in June. Seeing a fireball and finding the meteorite fragments is extremely rare. 

3. It's getting closer

The pace of the push to Mars is stepping up as NASA works on its next-generation heavy rocket and private space companies continue their duel for primacy. As any Arizonan knows, you can’t go anywhere without water.

There is evidence of ice on the moon, which can be mined for water and fuel, and an ASU-led NASA mission will map it. LunaH-Map will launch in 2018 and, once at the moon, embark on a 60-day science mission, consisting of 141 science orbits, using a suite of science instruments tucked into a shoebox-sized CubeSat.

It’s one part of the journey to Mars. As NASA said in a press release, LunaH-Map “will help inform NASA’s strategy for sending humans farther into the solar system.”

4. Mysterious is sexy

While we’ve learned a lot about space, we don’t know much about it. And, as one space systems engineer said, “We don’t know what we don’t know.”

Where did we come from? Asteroids are leftover debris from the solar system formation process. An ASU instrument is part of the OSIRIS-REx mission to Bennu, an asteroid whose surface dust and dirt may record the earliest history of our solar system. Bennu may contain the molecular precursors to the origin of life and the Earth’s oceans. 

5. Red is romantic

Red is the color of romance … and Mars, for which a lot of people have a lot of love.

ASU is home to the Mars Space Flight Facility, a research center in the School for Earth and Space Exploration. Scientists, researchers, and students there specialize in using instruments on spacecraft at Mars for remote sensing research into the geology and mineralogy of the planet. 

The instruments based at the facility include the Thermal Emission Imaging System on NASA's Mars Odyssey orbiter and two Miniature Thermal Emission Spectrometers on the Mars Exploration Rovers, Spirit and Opportunity. (A full-size Mars rover model, bedded on reddish-brown sand, dominates the building's lobby.)

Before the loss of NASA's Mars Global Surveyor in November 2006, the facility also operated the Thermal Emission Spectrometer aboard the spacecraft.

Scott Seckel

Reporter , ASU Now