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ASU grad students reach out to troubled children with play therapy

ASU grad students reach out to troubled kids with play therapy in new program.
November 28, 2016

Counselors in training work at Phoenix elementary school in pilot program

The figurine of a bird in a nest looks like a little toy, but it’s also a powerful tool of expression for children who can’t talk about their worries.

“It’s called play therapy, but it’s very serious work for children,” said Jennifer Pereira, a clinical assistant professor in the Counseling and Counseling Psychology graduate programs in the College of Integrative Sciences and Arts at Arizona State University.

This semester, six ASU graduate students were part of a pilot program that embedded their “Introduction to Counseling Children” course in a Phoenix elementary school. The students learned how to utilize play therapy and a dozen young children were able to have free sessions, all under the supervision of Pereira.

Figurines are part of the play-therapy items found at Kyrene de los Cerritos Elementary School as part of an ASU pilot program for grad students who ar learning to be play therapists. Photo by Charlie Leight/ASU Now

Pereira decided that the counseling course would be more effective if the students could actually work with children.

“On campus, they’re role playing with each other versus working directly with kids,” she said. “I wanted to get them out into the community and practicing what they’re learning in real time.”

She started calling area schools and the administration at Kyrene de los Cerritos Elementary School in Phoenix jumped at the chance to have therapy sessions for a handful of students.

Principal Darcy DiCosmo said that a non-profit group used to provide support for students who had social and behavioral issues that was paid through tax credits, but those funds have dwindled and the service ended.

“We recognize that kids need social assistance more than we’ve ever seen before, such as learning how to like themselves and how to step into unknown situations and be confident and secure,” she said.

Cerritos gave Pereira and her students a classroom, and with funding from her department bought items that would be found in a play-therapy clinic — art supplies, dolls, dress-up clothing and figurines. Some toys are meant to help children safely express aggression, such as plastic swords, and others represent home life, including doll houses.

Play therapy is a structured, theoretically-based process that is used with children between the ages of 2 and 9. The kids use play to confront problems and find solutions.

“We allow the child to have space and to play out the issues they’re experiencing,” Pereira said.

“The trained therapist understands the themes and patterns in play, and the things they’re doing as the pieces of life that are distressing and concerning to them.”

The ASU students visited the school once a week, spending the first 90 minutes on coursework with Pereira and then working with the kindergarteners, first- and second-graders for half an hour. The children were selected by school staff.

During a recent class, the grad students discussed the therapeutic uses of sand trays, in which children create scenes with figurines in a tray filled with sand.

Students in ASU's Introduction to Counseling Children course were embedded at Kyrene de los Cerritos Elementary School, where they worked with children in play-therapy sessions. Photo by Charlie Leight/ASU Now

“You can say, ‘Show me what it’s like to live at Grandma and Grandpa’s’ or ‘What does the tree say to the bird in a nest?’ " Pereira told them. “Ask them, ‘Are you in here?’ Are they active or just watching, if you think about kids in a domestic violence situation.”

ASU grad student Kris Mastin said it was exciting to see his young clients make progress over the semester.

“We started with child-centered play therapy, letting them take control and getting used to not actively directing the child. I tried to understand what they were showing me, and I tried to interpret,” Mastin said.

“I had one child who was very timid at the beginning, and by the end of the last session he was having a great time without having to ask for permission or check to make sure it was OK,” he said.

The grad students also created modules to teach all the children on topics such as how to be a good friend and how to deal with bullying.

Pereira will have 12 ASU students in the spring semester cohortThe counseling program has another clinical project — the long-running Counselor Training Center, a community clinic on the Tempe campus in which graduate students provide low-cost counseling services while working with faculty who are licensed psychologists., and they will work with 24 Cerritos pupils, including the ones from the fall program. She’ll also start collecting data next term, with teachers filling out questionnaires on how the children are doing with emotions and behavior as a result of being in the program. She hopes to expand the program to include an advanced class.

Some of the graduates from the program will go on to become certified play therapists and others will go into general private practice.

“One of the neat things about the training in child therapy," Pereira said, "is that it doesn’t matter your area of interest, because in this field, you will end up working with children.”

Top photo: Jennifer Pereira, a clinical assistant professor in the counseling and counseling psychology graduate programs in the College of Integrative Sciences and Arts, launched a pilot program that had master's students working with children at Kyrene de los Cerritos Elementary School in Phoenix. Photo by Charlie Leight/ASU Now.

Mary Beth Faller

Reporter , ASU Now


50 years in, Hayden Library plans a remake

For anniversary, ASU's busiest library plans to get more accessible, user-friendly

November 29, 2016

Hayden Library, which sits at the center of ASU’s Tempe campus, is the most visited library facility at Arizona State University, receiving more than 1.5 million visitors each year.

Still, the space and resources at Hayden are severely underused, according to university librarian Jim O’Donnell. Construction of Hayden Library in 1965 Construction of Hayden Library in 1965. University Archives. Download Full Image

“I tend to think of Hayden Library as a stealth museum, with its underground entrance and many of its extraordinary treasures tucked away, hidden from public view,” O’Donnell said.

Some of those hidden gems include an original illustrated version of “Alice in Wonderland” by Salvador Dalí, the earliest music ever recorded in Arizona (by a cowgirl musician named Billie Maxwell) and the collected papers of Native American writer and poet Simon Ortiz.

“Students come here all the time, but they aren’t aware of everything we’ve got, and so their relationship to the library becomes mostly digital,” O’Donnell said. “Even if we can’t live without digital, there’s more to life than what’s online.”

Reimagining Hayden

On the heels of its 50th anniversary, Hayden Library is preparing to undergo a major renovation, with construction expected to begin in late 2017, in an effort to make Hayden more accessible and engaging and its resources more visible and user-friendly.

Plans to remake Hayden are largely informed by O’Donnell’s vision of what a library of the future should be: “a place that is as inspiring as it is welcoming, both an incubator of creativity and a monument to human complexity.”

It’s a vision well suited to the mission and goals of the New American University, O’Donnell said, which prioritize access, knowledge discovery and community embeddedness.

“In making Hayden more distinctive and usable, more community-based, we are opening the door to greater opportunities for access, excellence and innovation,” O’Donnell said.

Plans to redesign Hayden include adding multiple points of access, with greater indoor-outdoor connection; dedicating space for community gatherings; breaking the library up into thematic neighborhoods to better facilitate navigation and research discovery; and removing 1 million books from Hayden’s shelves to maximize space for students to study, work and interact, as well as to spotlight exhibits and collections.

"A library should be a place that is as inspiring as it is welcoming, both an incubator of creativity and a monument to human complexity.”  
–  Jim O'Donnell, university librarian

While many books will remain at Hayden, those that leave will be permanently stationed at Noble Library or at the Polytechnic campus in a high-density storage facility, where they will be available for fast-turnaround delivery. 

“We’re being strategic about our physical books. The ones that are housed in open facilities will be carefully chosen to inspire, challenge and support our best work,” said O’Donnell, “but all of our books will be readily available to all of our users, wherever they may be.”

(For more information about the removal of books, see Hayden Renovation FAQs).

student reaching for book on library shelf

While many books will remain on Hayden’s shelves, those that leave will be permanently stationed at Noble Library or at the Polytechnic campus, where they will be available for fast-turnaround delivery.

Further plans to complement the building renovation and modernize the library’s services include developing a network of makerspaces, in which students and faculty can create everything from podcasts to 3-D printouts, and cultivating partnerships university-wide that leverage and enhance the library’s unique collections and data research centers, such as the new Map and Geospatial Hub.

“When finished, the new Hayden will be a combination of traditional library and high-tech workspace,” O’Donnell said. “It will be a dazzling showcase for the university — a place where you can find, interact with and explore all the riches we have to offer.”

Building a library of the future

In 1966, when Hayden Library first opened, the “riches” could easily be contained in Hayden’s 205,000 square feet of space. At that time, Arizona State University was not yet a decade old — its student population somewhere around 20,000.

Today, the university’s libraries contain approximately 4.5 million volumes, and ASU’s student population is more than four times what it was in 1966, including a growing segment of online students who may never step foot in an ASU library during their college career.

“The library is everywhere now,” O’Donnell said. “Our mission as librarians is to meet students and faculty wherever they are and get them whatever they need, quickly and efficiently, with as few restrictions as possible.”

The Hayden renovation, expected to be complete in the fall of 2019, is part of a larger university-wide effort to transform ASU’s nine libraries as a whole into a cohesive service operation that will meet the knowledge needs of students, researchers and the community well into this century.

Significant changes will include the implementation of a newly integrated library system and updated service platform, a merging of technology and bibliographic units, the expansion of the ASU Digital Repository, and a new name: ASU Library. What’s available online and what’s available in ASU Library’s buildings will all add up to one library accessible to every ASU user.

“The name change is reflective of the work we are doing to better integrate and align our services for a more seamless customer service experience,” said Tomalee Doan, associate university librarian. “The new digital service platform we’re building will transform the ways in which we do business and operate as a library, in addition to how we connect users to information.

“We are taking a look through a different lens, looking at every tool and every service option possible. It’s a total transformation; we are really building a library of the future.”

Under this new library system, customers can expect more rapid service than before, with expedited and same-day delivery options available, similar to Amazon Prime. In addition, the new system will offer advanced digital tools for searching, browsing, sharing and customizing information and materials.

“Research and teaching excellence depends on stellar library resources and support,” said Devoney Looser, a professor in ASU’s Department of English and chair of the Library Liaison Committee. “These plans for bringing forward ASU Library promise to enhance and expand opportunities for faculty and student knowledge-building. What a fantastic thing for our community.”

As the digital library and the nature of e-books continue to evolve, O’Donnell says the goal is for ASU Library to be well positioned to harness them.

“It’s an exciting time for libraries that are beginning to find their foothold in the digital age,” O’Donnell said. “We’ve got so much to offer, and with today’s technologies and ASU’s resources, together, there is limitless potential for what we can do.”

For more information about the renovation, see Hayden Renovation FAQs.

Britt Lewis

Communications Specialist, ASU Library