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10 things to know during Hispanic Heritage Month

Why does Hispanic Heritage Month start in the middle of the month? Read on.
Hispanic and Latino are not interchangeable, and other facts for heritage month.
September 14, 2016

ASU — where nearly a fifth of students identify as Hispanic/Latino — to host festivals, food events, films and more

Sept. 15 marks the start of Hispanic Heritage Month. It’s a time to honor the contributions that Hispanics and Latinos have made to science, the arts, social justice and more.

It’s also time to notice the unusual timing — a midmonth start — for a heritage month. (Want to know why? Keep reading.)

Hispanics/Latinos represent nearly one-fifth of the United States’ population — and of Arizona State University’s students. In the last 10 years their enrollment has more than doubled, from 7,300 in 2005 to nearly 17,000 in 2015. At ASU, the heritage month is being celebrated with a number of events, including festivals, traditional foods, film screenings, discussions and dance.

The history of nationally observing Hispanic/Latino heritage dates back to President Lyndon Johnson’s 1968 proclamation of Hispanic Heritage Week, to include Sept. 15 and 16 to honor the independence days of several Latin American neighbors. However, it was not until 1988 that Congress would pass a law establishing National Hispanic Heritage Month designating a “31-day period beginning Sept. 15 and ending on Oct. 15.”

10 things to know as we celebrate Hispanic Heritage Month

1. Why the mid-month start? Sept. 15 (1821) is an important date because it honors the day of independence for Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras and Nicaragua.

2. Sept. 16 is also a key date: Mexico's day of independence (1810). Many mistake Cinco de Mayo for our southern neighbor's independence day, but the widely celebrated May 5 holiday commemorates the victory at the Battle of Puebla in 1862 where Mexican forces defeated the French invaders.

3. Hispanics/Latinos are considered the largest ethnic or racial minority in the United States at more than 56 million, more than 17 percent of the total population, according to the U.S. Census.

4. At ASU, there were 13,208 students during fall 2015 who identified as Hispanic/Latino — more than 18 percent of the student population.

5. ASU is No. 1 among Pac-12 universities for the number of Latino graduates.

6. ASU was ranked 13th in Hispanic Outlook in Higher Education magazine’s 2015 rankings of U.S. higher-education institutions for the number of undergraduate degrees conferred to Hispanics in several key areas.

7. Oct. 12 is often celebrated as Columbus Day. However, in many Latin American countries and in various U.S. communities, it is celebrated as Día de la Raza — among other names — to honor the discovery of the Americas as well as mixed Indigenous and European heritages.

8. Hispanic and Latino are not the same thing. The term “Hispanic” once represented a relationship to the people of ancient Hispania — the Iberian Peninsula, principally divided by modern Spain and Portugal. Currently, it is widely regarded as a term that signifies the cultural resonance to contemporary Spain and to countries once colonized by Spain (thus, those living in Brazil would not be included). Latino generally refers to someone from Latin American origin or ancestry.

9. The term Hispanic was adopted by the U.S. government in the early 1970s after Grace Flores-Hughes and what was then known as an U.S. Department of Health, Education and Welfare interdepartmental committee convened to develop a comprehensive term to describe people of Spanish, Mexican, Central and South American or Caribbean (Spanish speaking) descent.

10. Prior to 1970, Spanish and Latin American immigrants were classified as “white” and grouped with European Americans. It was not until 1970 when a separate question on origin or descent was asked on the census. However, this question appeared to only 5 percent of the population. In June 1976, Congress passed a law mandating the collection and analysis of data for “Americans of Spanish origin or descent.” A separate question on Hispanic origin or descent appeared on the 1980 census. Seventeen years later, revised standards on race classifications resulted in Hispanic becoming “Hispanic or Latino.” The term “Latino” would later appear in the 2000 census and further amended in the 2010 census.

The events celebrating Hispanic Heritage Month at ASU are part of the broader cultural engagement at the university. Culture @ ASU aims to create a community that values, appreciates and accepts others through a variety of events and activities, while introducing students to the rich cultural fiber at ASU.

 

The Hispanic Heritage Month Planning Committee contributed to this story. Top photo from the ASU Chicano/a Research Collection and University Archives.

 
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1,000 cranes symbolize life, hope — and scope of ASU art program

ASU MFA student's crane sculptures take flight; see them in downtown Tempe.
September 14, 2016

Sculptor John Tuomisto-Bell returns to school for MFA, says Herberger Institute has taught him to think globally

Exactly 1,000 bronzed, origami cranes appear to float in a main corridor of a sprawling, $900 million Tempe office complex, just up the road from where the installation’s creator says he learned to apply a worldwide perspective to his art.  

John Tuomisto-Bell says his latest project symbolizes the fragility of life combined with his permanent wishes for peace, hope and compassion — and that it wouldn’t have come together without Arizona State University.

“Before, I used to think small potatoes and was fairly narrow-minded, but now I am thinking globally and on a much larger scale,” said Tuomisto-Bell, a third-year master of fine arts sculpting student in ASU’s School of Art in the Herberger Institute for Design and the Arts.

The installation gracing a large building on insurance giant State Farm’s regional campus headquarters comes after the 53-year-old Tuomisto-Bell returned to the classroom after years of professional success — joining countless others in making such a move through ASU.

“In many cases, artists come back to get their master’s because they want a shift in their career, want to explore new technologies,” School of Art director Adriene Jenik said. “Others miss being challenged and getting critical feedback.”

Herberger’s Master of Fine Arts (MFA) program graduates 65 to 75 students a year and accepts two to three sculpting students in each class, she said. 

Veteran sculpting instructor James White, who taught Tuomisto-Bell as an undergraduate 25 years ago, said getting an MFA is a good business move.

“In the art world, there are doors closed that you don’t even know are closed because someone has a master’s degree and the other person does not,” White said. “There is no higher degree for a practicing studio artist than an MFA —  and no greater prestige.”

Jenik said there have been several influential recent graduates, including interdisciplinary artist Kade Twist.

Twist creates interactive media installations with video, sound and text. His work has been exhibited in the Museum of Contemporary Native Arts in Santa Fe, New Mexico, the Chelsea Art Museum in New York City and the Smithsonian Institution in Washington, D.C.

“Once our students leave here, they’re getting teaching jobs, winning major awards, having exhibits, are shown in major museums, and those are all markers that ASU is having an impact on the world,” Jenik said. 

ASU’s sculpting program has built-in incentives, including a nationally recognized foundry, White said. Tuition can be offset by grants, scholarships and teaching stipends, and students often leave the program with little or no debt, he said. MFA students also receive studio space at Grant Street Studios in Phoenix’s warehouse district, giving their work better visibility and an opportunity to create in an environment with other artists.  

When Tuomisto-Bell received his Bachelor of Fine Arts in 1991, he envisioned himself as a “player in the New York scene, but that success never materialized.”

He did, however, find a place in the Arizona workforce, casting large and small bronze pieces for commercial clients with local foundries. He opened his own shop in 2001 with his wife, Julie, and brother Christian Bell. He said the Tuomisto-Bell Studio Foundry has provided steady income for years, enabling him buy a house and raise a family.

He also developed into an award-wining artist, with works on display across the U.S. and major collections in the Scottsdale Museum of Contemporary Art, the Mesa Arts Center and the Shemer Art Center in Phoenix.

"We're thrilled that John decided to pursue graduate work at ASU," Herberger Institute Dean Steven J. Tepper said. "As an established professional artist, he brings a lot to the program, and it's gratifying to watch his progress as an artist in his time here. Most careers these days morph and change and take unexpected directions; John is one of several students, undergraduate and graduate, who have decided to return to a university, and to the Herberger Institute in particular, to forge new pathways. "

Tuomisto said the master’s program has sharpened his skills while expanding his scope.

Last year, he took the 1,000 Cranes project to an elementary school in Hiroshima, Japan, in memory of a young girl who became sick and died after the infamous atomic bomb blast at the end of World War II. She was said to have continuously folded origami cranes, praying that if she made 1,000 her health would improve.

“Some people have told me that you can’t do anything about the violence of mankind, that war has always been a part of our existence and will always be,” Tuomisto-Bell said. “I do not think this is true. I just look at how Hiroshima has transformed from the ashes of war into a beautiful city full of wonderful, loving people, and my hope in mankind is restored.”

Tuomisto-Bell brought back the concept to Tempe in the hopes that “peace can be heard from this generation and future generations.”

See the installation

Address: 450 E. Rio Salado Parkway, Tempe, 85281

Viewers can see 1,000 Cranes from the public sidewalk behind Building 3 on the State Farm at Marina Heights campus. 

Other influential sculptors

• 2015 MFA sculpture grad Cecily Culver won the 2015 Dedalus Foundation Fellowship in Painting and Sculpture, which included a $20,000 grant and a studio to showcase her work in New York.

• 2014 MFA sculpting student Bobby Zokaites has produced artwork for public spaces in Minnesota, New Jersey, Missouri and Arizona.

• Incoming MFA sculpting student Cydnei Mallory is a 2016-17 Autodesk Scholarship winner. It will enable her to travel to Italy to learn the craft of carving stone and marble. Her works have been exhibited in several galleries in Pennsylvania and Arizona.  

Reporter , ASU Now

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